Biographical Album - 1891- Surnames C-D


Benjamin Callison has been engaged in farming and raising stock on his present farm in DeWitt Township for twenty years, and DeWitt County has no more worthy representative than he of the agricultural element that has contributed so largely to make its prosperity solid and enduring. Our subject is a native of DeWitt County, born in DeWitt Township April 1, 1837, to John F. and Elizabeth (Onstadt) Callison, natives of Garrard County, Ky. His father was a son of Absalom Callison, a native of Greenbrier County, Ca., and was of Irish ancestry. He was engaged as a blacksmith in Virginia, ad was there married to Miss Anna Flack. In an early day of the settlement of Kentucky they became pioneers of that state, and there Mr. Callison was engaged as a wheelwright for some yers. Later he and his wife moved to St. Charles County, Mo., and there died at an advanced age.

John F. Callison was the eldest son of the large family born to his parents. His early years were passed in Kentucky and he was married in that State. His wife was of German descent. Soon after their marriage in 1831 they came to Illinois and settled at Waynesville, DeWitt Township, and here Mr. Callison obtained a tract of Government land, which he afterward sold and then secured a permanent home on section 8, of the same township. There his remaining days were passed in quietness and comfort, and there he passed out of life March 24, 1890, at the ripe old age of eighty-five years, five months and twenty-seven days. He was a poor man when he came to Illinois, but by assiduous toil he placed himself in comfortable circumstances and at the same time helped to develop the township of DeWitt, which he had found an almost unsettled wilderness. He was a Presbyterian in religion and a Democrat in politics. His wife, who survives him, is now living on the old homestead with her son, William Callison, and in spite of her eighty years is still bright and active. She is a true Presbyterian in her religious belief.

Our subject is the third of his parents' children, of whom there were seven, and is the next oldest now living, the others being his brother William and his sister, Mrs. Mary A. Winslow, of this township. He was reared and educated in DeWitt Township, where he first saw the light of day in the pioneer home of his parents. In 1859 he followed the gold seekers to Pike's Peak, Colo., and later to California, whence he afterward made his way to Oregon, from there to Utah, whence he subsequently went to visit Washington and Montana, spending his last five years in the West as a miner. In 1870 he came back to Illinois, where he has since lived, and then purchased his homestead on section 18, DeWitt Township. Here he has a quarter-section of land, every acre of which is well drained and highly cultivated, and the place is amply supplied with all the necessary buildings, and is well stocked, as he devotes much attention to stock-raising. Besides this property he also owns fifty acres of good land in Harp Township.

Our subject is a veteran of the late war. While he was in Oregon he enlisted in Company D, of the First Oregon Calvary under Col. E.D. Baker, and later under Col. R.F. Murray. His regiment remained on duty west of the Rockies on the Columbia and Snake Rivers, where it was engaged in some hard fighting and did not see much active service. Our subject was seriously hurt, having both arms broken in December, 1863, while doing duty in the Quartermaster's department. He served the Government with characteristic fidelity three years and was honorably discharged from the army in 1864. He afterward devoted his time to mining until he came back to the county of his birth. Mr. Callison was married near his birthplace in this township to Miss Martha E. North. She was born in Pickaway County, Ohio, December 1, 1844, and is the second daughter and fifth child born to William and Nancy (Monager) North, also natives of Ohio, where they were born, reared, educated and married. Some years later, in 1852, they came to DeWitt County, and here spent their remaining years on a farm, Mrs. North dying in 1853 at middle age, and Mr. North departing this life in May, 1887, when past seventy-five years of age. He was a man of considerable education, and for forty years was engaged as a teacher. He was a kind neighbor and an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, to which his wife also belonged. Mrs. Callison was but a child when her mother died, and she was reared by her father and step-mother, with whom she remained until her marriage. She is a most excellent woman, pleasant and agreeable and possesses sound common sense. She is the mother of six children; of whom one died in infancy. The others, all of whom are at home with their parents, are: John, Anna, Zella J., Robert P. and May B. Mr. and Mrs. Callison are identified with the progressive element of DeWitt Township, and are doing all that they can to elevate its social and moral status and to contribute to its material welfare. Mr. Callison has been commissioner of Highways and has held other local offices. In his political sentiments he is a decided Republican.

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John G. Campbell, who is a prominent grocer of Farmer City, is classed among the leading business men of enterprise and thrift who are helping to extend the prosperity of this part of DeWitt County. Our subject was born May 10, 1848, in the pioneer home of his parents in Monroe County, Ind. His father, James O. Campbell, was a native of Bourbon county, Ky., and was a son of John Campbell who was born in Virginia and came of Scotch-Irish ancestry. John Campbell was a young man when he went to Kentucky, and he was there married to Jane Wallace who was a daughter of a Virginian family and came of similar ancestry to that of her husband. She had a brother, Andrew Wallace, who was a Colonel in the War of 1812. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell began their wedded life in Bourbon County, and there all their children were born, of whom their son James O., the father of our subject, was one. He was a young man when the family removed to Monroe County, Ind., and settled in Clear Creek Township, about five miles from Bloomington. There his parents rounded out lives of more than three-score and ten years. They were connected with the Christian Church, and were people of virtuous and thrifty habits.

James O. Campbell was the third son and sixth child of nine children, of whom two sons and two daughters are yet living. James married in Kentucky, taking as his wife Miss Elizabeth Campbell, a native of that State and one of his kindred. She was a daughter of James and Nancy (Jamison) Campbell, who in later life came to Illinois in 1850. They lived here until 1855, and then removed to Bowling Green, Pike county, Mo., where they spent their remaining years, dying when quite old people. They were members of the Christian Church.

After the birth of one child the parents of our subject removed from Kentucky to Monroe County, Ind., and in 1848, after John G. was born, they came to Illinois and located in McLean County on land now included within the city limits of Bloomington. There the father died in February, 1855, in the very prime of life, he being but thirty-three years of age. Ten days later his wife followed him to the grave, thus leaving their family sadly bereft of parental care when they most needed it. They had been connected with the Christian Church and were of fine Christian character. Their daughter Sophronia died May 27, 1890. She was the wife of H. W. Webb, now of Lelavan, Ill., and at her death left three sons. Our subject's brother, Bedford H., a resident of Bloomington, married Miss Mary Toonia. His brother William C. married Miss Emma Fielder and they also live in Bloomington.

John G. Campbell, of whom this sketch is principally written, was reared and educated in Bloomington. He came to Farmer City before he was of age and has ever since made his home here and has been connected with its mercantile interests since 1863. He was for some time a clerk and was associated with different houses in that capacity, thus becoming thoroughly familiar with commercial life and making for himself a reputation as a business man. In 1884 he bought a half interest in the concern of Kimball & Son, and in 1886 a change was made in the firm which did business under the name of Campbell & Moorley until July 1, 1889, when our subject became sole proprietor of the business and has since carried it on alone successfully. He has a large store, 40X70 feet in dimensions, prominently located on Main Street, one of the old stands in the city. His establishment is conveniently arranged as he carries on full line of general groceries. He commands a large trade as he sells to his customers the best in the market, is thoroughly honest in his dealings and always obliging and courteous in the treatment of his patrons.

Mr. Campbell is blessed in the possession of a good wife, to whom he was married in Arrowsmith, McLean County. Mrs. Campbell was formerly Ella P. Cawby and was born, reared and educated in McLean County. Her parents were M. H. and Catherine (West) Cawby, natives of Bourbon County, Ky., where they lived for many years until after their marriage. They finally came to Illinois and settled on a farm in McLean County where they are still living, Mr. Cawby being one of the successful farmers of that region. Mrs. Campbell is one of the younger members of a family of eight children, all of whom are living, and all married but two sons. She is an intelligent woman and an admirable housewife.

Our subject is a man of good native ability, of sound sense and excellent judgment, and he stands well in the financial circles of the county. As regards his citizenship, his place is among the most public-spirited men of his community, and who are active in advancing its religious and social status as well as its material prosperity. He and his wife are Christians in deed as well as word and are among the most consistent members of the Christian Church. The political views of our subject are embodied in the policy of the Republican party, of which he is a staunch supporter.

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Lewis Campbell, an active and prosperous farmer living in Clinton, DeWitt County, retains under his own supervision a part of his fine estate. It consists of one hundred and ninety acres of well-improved land upon which a complete line of first-class buildings has been erected and every effort made to increase the natural value of the tract. This place, which is just north of the corporate limits of Clinton, was known some years ago as the Col. J. J. Kelly homestead and forms one of the landmarks of former days. Mr. Campbell has displayed in the conduct of his worldly affairs a degree of energy and enterprise highly commendable and the prosperity that he enjoys is not greater than his deserts.

Mr. Campbell is of Revolutionary ancestry, his grandfather, Enos Campbell, a native of Maryland, having fought under Gen. Lafayette. The Campbells have been noted for their longevity, many of the family attaining a very advanced age. The father of our subject, John N. Campbell, was born in Pennsylvania in 1794 and was a farmer by occupation. He married Phebe Clark, also a native of Pennsylvania, born in 1791 and a daughter of Barzilla Clark, of Maryland. The Clarks were among the early settlers of the latter State and were of English descent.

The father of our subject removed from the State of his nativity to Hamilton county, Ohio, in 1810, and thence came to Sangamon County, Ill., in 1823. In 1857 he took up his residence in Clinton where he breathed his last in September, 1886. He was a Whig in his early life but after many years given to the advocacy of the principles of the party he assisted in the organization of the Republican party in the county in which he was living and stanchly supported it until death. He was a strong anti-slavery man and an advocate of temperance. He was a personal friend of Abraham Lincoln. He served in the War of 1812 and also in the Black Hawk War under Gen. William Henry Harrison. He was in the council room with Gov. Duncan when Black Hawk made his famous speech. His good wife passed away in 1881 in her ninety-first year.

The parental family consisted of nine children, all of whom lived to mature years and were settled in life; all except the three youngest are deceased. The gentleman whose name introduces these paragraphs was the sixth of the family and was born in Sangamon County November 17, 1826. He spent his boyhood on the farm in his native county, acquiring a common-school education and learning useful lessons regarding his father's occupation and the principles that should govern a man's life. He then attended a private school at Rochester and later at Petersburg, thereby obtaining a very good education. He made his home with his parents until he was nineteen years old when he began the labors of life for himself.

In 1849 Mr. Campbell was seized by the fever which affected so many men in our country and made an overland journey to California, consuming the greater part of the summer in the trip. Not being successful in his efforts to pick up gold and being short of funds he entered upon the business of chopping cordwood, continuing it during the winter. He secured about $2,300 and in September of the following year he returned to his former home convinced that the Mississippi Valley afforded as good a field for his efforts as he could desire, while the surroundings were much more pleasant and to his taste. Within a short time after his return to the State he had embarked in the dry-goods business in Clinton, an occupation in which he was engaged from 1850 until 1862. For some time prior to the latter date his brother-in-law, Philip Clark, had been his partner. Tiring of his mercantile pursuit, Mr. Campbell sold out and bought the land which he still owns. In the pursuit of agriculture he has gained a good maintenance and made a provision for his declining years which frees him from undue anxiety and allows him liberty to indulge his tastes and take part in work which is not strictly for his own interest.

Mr. Campbell was married in 1852 to Miss Philena Argo, at that time a resident of Clinton. She was born at New Richmond, Clermont County, Ohio, in 1835, being a daughter of Alexander and Eliza A. (Walriven) Argo. To Mr. and Mrs. Campbell seven children have been born, viz: William C., now living in Kansas; Minnie, wife of I. I. Nixon; Lewis, Jr., a Methodist Episcopal minister now living in Nebraska; Alexander, engaged in the grain business in Clinton, the firm being Ewing & Campbell; Eliza A., wife of T. H. Reed; Lena and Nellie, school girls.

The citizens of Clintonia Township have recognized the intelligence and manliness of Mr. Campbell by electing him to several offices, among which was that of Road Commissioner, in which he served several years, and that of Supervisor which he held four years. He was nominated for Representative on the Greenback and Prohibition ticket, but was not elected although he made a good race. He is independent in politics but for many years never failed to vote the Republican ticket. He takes an active interest in the political issues of the day and frequently stumps his county in behalf of his favorite candidates. He and his family belong to the Methodist Episcopal Church in which as in the community at large, they have excellent standing. Mrs. Campbell's family was among the early settlers in Clermont County, Ohio; her grandmother Walriven was the first woman to settle in that county.

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All who love their fellow-men rejoice to see men and women of advancing years withdrawing from the arduous toils of life and enjoying the degree of ease to which past industry entitles them. Throughout this broad land we find many farmers who sowed good seed and now reap a harvest of financial prosperity, by means of which they are ensured against want and enabled to retire from active life. One of this number in DeWitt County is Zebulon D. Cantrell, who in August, 1890, removed from his farm to the county seat.

Before entering upon the life of the gentleman whose name introduces these paragraphs, it will not be amiss to present some facts regarding his progenitors. The first of the family to come to this country was Joshua Cantrell, a native of Scotland, who established a home in the Carolinas. There Zebulon G. Cantrell, the next in the direct line of descent, was born June 29, 1773. He was one of the early settlers in Kentucky, removed from that State to Ohio in 1811 and in 1834 came to Illinois. He married and reared a family, one of his sons having been John M., the father of our subject.

The birth of John M. Cantrell occurred in Kentucky, February 22, 1808. He grew to manhood in Ohio and there married Miss Johanna Jones, who was born in Champaign County, November 11, 1811. In early life Mr. Cantrell was a blacksmith, but in later years he carried on farming. Soon after his marriage he came to this State, selecting Sangamon County as his place of abode. After living there for a term of years he removed to DeWitt County, settling where the village of Waynesville now stands. There he died January 27, 1862; he spent the years from 1839 until 1857 on a farm. The widow survived until September 27, 1870. This worthy couple left nine children, named respectively, William J., Z.D., Elizabeth, Ira J., Mary A., Milns T., Alma J., John E., and Eveline. John E. was called from time to eternity in 1873.

Z.D. Cantrell opened his eyes to the light August 28, 1833, in Sangamon County, near the city of Springfield. His boyhood was passed in Waynesville, then scarcely more than a hamlet and his entire attendance at school did not exceed twelve months. He has persistently aimed to secure knowledge, and through self-education has become well informed regarding current events and topics of general interest. He remained under the parental roof until he reached his majority, when he married and set up a home of his own. He secured and eighty-acre tract of land near Elm Grove, buying it on time, and there began the career which has ended in securing to him and his family a good home and all the comforts of life. Giving his attention to general farming, Mr. Cantrell made such good use of his opportunities that ere long he had paid off his indebtedness and had begun to add to his landed estate. He became the possessor of a valuable farm, on which he continued his agricultural labors with unremitting zeal, however, until his removal to Clinton.

The good woman to whom Mr. Cantrell owes the comfort of his home life and in whom he has ever found a sympathizing friend and counselor, bore the maiden name of Susan Foreman. She is a daughter of Thomas and Mississippi Foreman, the latter of whom was born in what was known as the French Settlement, in Illinois, in 1803. Miss Foreman was born in the Buckeye State, but at the time of her marriage was living in DeWitt County, this State. She has borne her husband five children; Carmi G., who is actively engaged as a minister of the Christian Church; Johanna J., Elmer E. is a graduate of Rush Medical College and is now living in Melvin, Ford County, Ill., Thomas D. and M. Angie. All are living except Johanna. The first-born is a student in Eureka Illinois College, and Elmer has already turned his attention to farming.

Mr. Cantrell served as Supervisor three years and has been Justice of the Peace for twenty-five years. His good judgment in the settlement of the cases brought before him is proverbial and in his official capacity he endeavors to be what the name implies--a promoter of the peace. In 1889 he was elected President of the Old Settlers Association of DeWitt County. It is needless to say that he is one upon whom his acquaintances look with respect and that during his long residence in the county he has made many friends.

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William R. Carle, a member of the firm of Butterworth & Co., grain dealers at Wapella, is one of the wealthiest and most influential citizens of DeWitt County. He has been a potent agent in advancing the financial and business interests of this portion of Illinois and has been a prominent figure in its public life.

Mr. Carle was born in Wellsburg, Va. (now West Virginia), March 24, 1832. His father, John Carle, was born in 1794 and is supposed to have been a native of Pennsylvania. He was a son of Ephraim T. Carle, who was a native of Holland. Ephraim Carle and three brothers came to America and settled in New York. Later one of these brothers removed to Connecticut and the grandfather of our subject to New Jersey, the other two remaining in New York. The grandfather followed farming in New Jersey, until he took up his residence in Pennsylvania near Old Redstone, where he was married and lived for a time. About the year 1800 he emigrated with his family to Jefferson County, Ohio, and was one of its earliest pioneers. He died there in 1838 at upwards of eighty years of age. He and his wife reared a family of ten or twelve children.

The father of our subject settled in what is now West Virginia when he was a young man. He had learned the trade of a cabinet-maker in Wellsburg when a boy and followed that vocation until 1828, when he and a brother and brother-in-law built a cotton mill at Wellsburg. They manufactured cotton until 1841 when on account of the death of one of the partners the business was settled up and further operation suspended until 1844. In the meantime Mr. Carle worked at his trade and in that year he took a new partner, re-opened the mill and operated it until 1854, when the firm failed. He then fell back to his old trade as a cabinet maker and followed that until his death in 1870. He was a Major of a volunteer company during the War of 1812, but it is not known as a certainty whether he participated in any of the battles of that conflict. He was a man of strong mind, of great natural ability whose character was above reproach, and he was one of the leading members of the Christian Church. In his politics he was a decided Democrat.

The mother of our subject whose maiden name was Rebecca Miller, was born in Maryland in 1798 and died in 1843. Her father, John Miller, was also a native of Maryland, and was a farmer by occupation. He and his wife lived to be quite old and reared a large family of children. Their eldest son was a leading politician in his section of the country and served several terms in the Virginia Legislature. The family is supposed to be of English descent. The parents of our subject had nine children of whom these six grew to maturity; Thompson, James, Miller, Frank, Eliza (Mrs. Wells) and William R. The mother was a thoroughly good woman, of a religious turn of mind and was a devoted member of the Christian Church.

He of whom we write was carefully reared by his parents and in his early life those principles of honor and integrity were instilled into his mind that have been his guide in after years. His youth was spent in attending the local schools of his native town and in working about the cotton mill, and packing the finished product for shipment. The schools of that day were carried on by subscription and offered but meager advantages to those eager to obtain learning. Thus it happens our subject has obtained his education mostly outside of the schoolroom through his own efforts, he being finely endowed with keen powers of observation and a quick, clear intellect, and having a natural fondness for good books. In 1854 in his twenty-third year he made a trip down the Ohio River to St. Louis in search of employment, and not finding it there, he drifted to Central Illinois and finally in the month of May that year, landed at Bloomington without sufficient money to pay a week's board. He found little to do and his board went unpaid for three months. In September he was fortunate enough to secure a chance to teach in a district school on the outskirts of Bloomington, and he taught that school the ensuing three years, and then taught two winter terms at Dry Grove west of Bloomington, spending his summers in buying grain.

In April, 1859 Mr. Carle removed to Clinton, DeWitt County, and entered into business there as a grain dealer. He remained there until August of the same year, when he located at Wapella, and engaged in buying grain here. He sold out in 1862 and bought a general merchandise store which he managed until 1865. In that year he resumed the grain business and also engaged in the sale of lumber for some years. In 1869 he was obliged to give up business on account of failing health, and selling out he took a trip to California, visiting the principal points of interest along the western coast. He spent a year in recuperation and in the fall of 1870, with renewed vigor, he again entered into business and re-opened a general store at Wapella. He continued to carry on the store and to trade in grain by himself for several years, but in 18811 he consolidated his interest in the grain business with James Butterworth, under the firm name of Butterworth & Co. and they are still together. Mr. Carle does not now engage in active business, but takes life easy and often enjoys himself in traveling to various parts of the country.

When Mr. Carle came to Illinois in 1854 he was practically penniless. To-day he is one of DeWitt County's wealthiest citizens. He is a man of more than ordinary force and enterprise, of great practicality and of superior business talents. He attributes his financial success to careful attention to business. He owns land in Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, California and Texas, comprising all told, thirty thousand acres. He is one of a company of six who own and operate a large cattle ranch in Texas on which over thirty thousand cattle roam at will. He is also a large stockholder in the DeWitt County National Bank at Clinton, of which he was elected the first President at its organization in 1870.

Notwithstanding the care necessitated by his immense business interests Mr. Carle has found time to devote to public life. His fellow-citizens appreciating his ability and sound integrity, have often called him to assist in the administration of civic affairs, and as an officeholder occupying prominent places of trust he has ever shown himself worthy of the confidence of the people and has been potent in advancing the interests of the community. He has represented his township a number of terms on the county Board of Supervisors and in 1870 he represented DeWitt County in the State Legislature. That was the first Legislative assembly under the new constitution and was known as the "Reformed Legislature." Mr. Carle is a Democrat in politics, and religiously is a member of the Christian Church.

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JOHN K. CARR Page 196

John K. Carr is distinguished in the annals of Nixon Township as being the third man to settle within its precincts, and for many years he has aided in carrying on the agriculture of DeWitt County. He was born in Greenbrier County, W. Va., in the town of Lewisburg, September 18, 1812. His father, Thomas Carr, was born and reared in the Old Dominion, and was there married to Diana Martin, who was also of Virginian birth. They were the parents of six sons and three daughters, whom they called Mary, John K., James, Elizabeth, Ezekiel, William, Marion, George and Violetta.

Of these children our subject was the second in order of birth and the second son. His boyhood days were passed in the place of his nativity, and he attended school in the little log house, that had a dirt floor and slab benches, and was lighted with greased paper window. His schooling was very limited, as he never attended school only two months. He remained with his parents, assisting his father in his work of building flatboats on the Kanawha River. December 6, 1833, his marriage with Margaret Wiont took place. Mrs. Carr was born in Dearborn County, Ind., but was reared in Virginia. Our subject and his wife have had a pleasant wedded life of unusual duration as for more than half a century they have traveled life's road hand in hand, and their marriage has been greatly blessed to them by the birth of the following children--Clarke, Violetta, John, Isaac, Julia A. (deceased), Mary, (deceased), Jane, Sarah, Samantha, Michael and Leonard S. All of these children were trained to useful lives and all married and reared families, and are now scattered in different parts of the country. Mr. and Mrs. Carr have besides many grandchildren, thirty great-grandchildren among their descendants.

Mr. Carr soon after marriage took up his residence among the pioneers of Brown County, Ohio. He had a uncle who fitted him out with a peddler's outfit and for two years he was engaged in peddling in that State. In 1836 he returned to Virginia and resumed his calling as a builder of flatboats on the Kanawha River for awhile. In 1837 he again went to Ohio and engaged in a shipyard in Cincinnati at building steamboats. In 1838 he went from there to Rising Sun, Ind., where he operated an engine in a cotton factory, helping to build a steamboat there before he commenced to run the engine. In 1839 he removed to Boone County, Ind., and wintered on the Rock River in the season of 1839-40, engaging in carpentering, etc., and he also worked in the spring at the trade of a carpenter, erecting barns and other buildings. His next venture was to buy a tract of one hundred and twenty acres of heavily timbered land, which he cleared and on which he erected a house, beside making other improvements. He remained there several years, and then sold the farm at a sacrifice that he might move to Northern Missouri, where he thought he could better his condition. He located on the Grand River in Mercer County, that State, and remained there one year. Apparently not finding the situation agreeable, he came to DeWitt County in 1852, and the first year of his residence here rented land, and during that time entered the farm on section 9, Nixon Township, where he now resides. But two men had preceded him to this location, and he found it in a state of nature much as the Indians had left it. His tract comprised one hundred and sixty acres of wild prairie, and his was the pioneer task to break the sod and cultivate the virgin soil. He and his boys made the rails, and drew them a distance of six miles to fence the land into convenient fields, and it is now all neatly fenced. He built a little house for the shelter of his family, which is still standing on the place, and he also erected a barn which has fallen to decay. He has here a fine farm which is under the best of cultivation, and yields him ample harvests, which are the source of a good income, so that he is now taking the world easy. He has always been very industrious and has shown practical skill in his work and in his dealings with his fellowmen has been fair and honest. He and his good wife are justly regarded as people of great worth, and are held in respect and esteem by the entire community. Mr. Carr is a sturdy advocate of the policy of the Republican party. He has always taken a true interest in whatever concerned his adopted township, and besides the assistance he has given in its development he has faithfully served it as School Trustee and School Director.

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Benjamin L. Chenoweth is classed among the influential citizens of Clintonia Township and his standing among the farmer and stock-raisers of DeWitt County is the best. He was born in Darke County, Ohio, on the 28th of April, 1818. John Chenoweth, his father, is supposed to have been a native of Kentucky, of which his father, Thomas Chenoweth, was an early settler. The Chenoweth family as represented in this country is descended from three brothers who came to America from Wales previous to the Revolutionary War.

John Chenoweth left Kentucky at the age of fourteen years and made his way to Ohio. He is thought to have been one of the first settlers of Ross County, that State, and he afterward located near Columbus and thence removed to Darke County in the fall of 1817. He was one of the pioneers of that section of the country and buying two hundred acres of land entered actively upon the development of the farm. He lived first in one of the old-fashioned double log cabins, but subsequently removed to Indiana and settled east of LaFayette. He spent his last years there in the home of his son-in-law, Thomas Royal. Betsey Foster was the maiden name of his wife and she was the mother of thirteen children, all of whom grew to maturity, namely: Thomas, Joseph, Sarah, Casandra, Mary, Benjamin L.. Richard, John, Jacob and Isaac (twins), Rebecca, James and Rachael A. The father and mother of these children were devoted members of the Methodist Church nearly all their lives and the father was an old line Whig and an Abolitionist in his political views. Thomas Foster, the maternal grandfather of our subject removed from Maryland to Ohio in an early day of its settlement and located in Ross County twelve miles below Chillicothe. He was a farmer and a blacksmith and carried on those occupations there for many years. This sturdy pioneer lived to be more than eighty years old, and he and his wife reared quite a large family of children.

In Darke County, Ohio, the place of his birth, the subject of this biography passed his early years. He attended school in the primitive log school-houses that were heated by means of a fire in a large open fireplace, had puncheon floors and seats and were conducted on the subscription plan, the teacher boarding around with the parents of the pupils. He was twenty-two years old when he went out into the world to fight life's battles for himself and for thirteen years was engaged in working for others at $10 a month. His next step was to rent land and farm it on shares. He did so four years and then in March, 1857, deciding that there were doubtless flattering prospects of becoming independent in a place possessing so many natural advantages as DeWitt County, Ill., he came hither on a visit with the intention of locating if he were satisfied with the country. He made the journey here by team and so well was he pleased that he invested in a quarter of section 15, Clintonia township and then returned and brought his family here by rail.

The land that Mr. Chenoweth purchased more than thirty years ago he has since transformed into one of the finest estates in the vicinity and still has it in his possession. At the time of his location on it there were but sixty acres broken and an old plank house with a log stable constituted the only improvements. He has since wrought a great change and has erected substantial buildings, including his present handsome residence which he built in 1875 at a cost of $3,000 and which, with its surroundings and comfortable furnishings, is one of the most desirable abodes in the township. He has the whole of his one hundred and sixty acres of land under excellent tillage and is paying considerable attention to stock-raising besides raising grain and other crops.

Mr. Chenoweth and Miss Jane Chenoweth were united in marriage in 1855 and of the four children that have come to them these three are living--Samuel, Aline and Lewis. Mrs. Chenoweth is a native of Perryville, Ind. She and her husband are among the most worthy members of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Clinton, with which they have been connected for many years. Mr. Chenoweth is a champion of the Republican party and is much interested in political affairs. He is regarded as one of the most reliable residents of the county and his fellow-citizens, recognizing his capability, have on different occasions invited him to share in the responsibilities of local government and he has done good service as an incumbent of some of the township offices. He has witnessed a vast change in the county since he came here thirty years ago and it may be his pride that he has had a hand in bringing about its improvement. When he located here Clinton was but a small town while the surrounding country was comparatively unimproved and not far advanced toward its present state of development. A portrait of Mr. Chenoweth is presented in connection with this brief record of his life.

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Stephen E. Clarno was for many years extensively engaged in farming in McLean County, owning a large and finely-improved farm in West Township, and he was regarded as one of the most worthy and useful pioneers of that section of the State. His last days were passed in honorable retirement in DeWitt County, in one of the pleasant, comfortable homes of Farmer City. Mr. Clarno was born in Clarke County, Ohio, March 9, 1816, and was one year old when his parents became early settles of Menard County, this State. He there grew to be a robust and sturdy youth, and at the youthful age of seventeen years volunteered to take part in the Black Hawk War in 1832. He was sent with a regiment to a Wisconsin fort and served there until the Indians were finally removed across the Mississippi river, his term of service lasting some seven years. He afterward took up his residence near Monroe, and then returned to Menard County, where his first marriage, which was to Miss Nancy Barnett, took place. She was a native of that county, and there died after the birth of five children, of whom one is still living. Mr. Clarno's second marrige was to Eliza Kincade, who was also born and reared in Menard County, and there she too died after the birth of one child who is also deceased.

Mr. Clarno was married the third time, to Miss Doretha Wigginton, who survives him. She was born in Bourbon County, Ky., on the 15th of September, 1824. Her parents, Peter and Margaret (Trumbull) Wigginton, were also born and reared in Bourbon County, and they died on their old homestead in Sangamon County, eight miles east of Springfield, when but a little past fifty years of age. They were among the early settlers of Sangamon County, where they settled in October, 1827, and there seven of their children were born to them. They built up a good home and were successful farmers in that region. Mr. Wigginton was an active soldier in the Black Hawk War, in which he took part for more than a year, and he also served nearly three years as a brave and fearless soldier in the War of 1812. Mrs. Clarno was the fifth of the twelve children born to her parents, of whom several are yet living. She was mostly reared in Sangamon County, receiving her education in its pioneer schools, and she witnessed much of the growth of the country, which was a wild and unbroken wilderness when her parents settled there.

Mr. and Mrs. Clarno were blessed with seven children, of whom three are living, namely: Francis M., who married Margarie Poe, of Lincoln, Logan County, and lives on a fine farm in West Township, McLean County; Stephen E. is a resident of California, who married Cora Payne, of McLean County; and James, a farmer of good repute in West Township, who married Maud Bissell, of Farmer City.

Mr. Clarno was eminently successful as a farmer and in West Township, McLean County, he owned a valuable farm of six hundred and eighty acres, which was considered one of the finest in point of cultivation and improvement of any in its vicinity. During his sixteen years' residence in that township his energetic and skillful management of his affairs increased his finances and so prospered was he that at the end of the time mentioned he was enable to retire in the enjoyment of a comfortable income. Selecting Farmer City as a very pleasant and desirable place of residence, our subject came to this point in 1888. He had not been here long before his kindly ways and honorable upright dealings secured him the confidence and respect of the community, and his sudden death by accident July 15, 1889, caused sincere sorrow to the people among whom he had come to make his home. He was killed within the corporate limits of the city, while crossing the railway track in his buggy, which was struck by an engine. The train was traveling at a great speed and Mr Clarno was thrown some distance and was instantly killed. His death in this manner is said to have been one of the most unfortunate accidents that ever happened at Farmer City and the fullest sympathy was extended to his bereaved family in the loss of one who had ever been a kind husband and a good father, and who was in all respects a straight-forward man. Mr. Clarno joined the Christian Church some years before his death and was one of its most valued members. He always took an interest in whatever concerned the public, and while a resident of West Township was prominent in the management of civic affairs, holding several of the local offices and one term representing the township as a member of the McLean County Board of Supervisors. In politics he was a sound Republican and a devoted adherent of his party.

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George V. Collins, a dentist located in Clinton, was born in Stark County near Toulon, March 8, 1864, and is the youngest of the six children comprising the family of William and Elizabeth (Hemenover) Collins. His father was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, April 15, 1826, and learned the printer's trade. He came to Fulton County, Ill., in 1840, stopped at Lewistown and then located in Canton, where he remained several years. He next removed to Fulton, Stark County and thence went to Farmer City in 1876. He still makes his home in that place and has retired from active labors with a competence. The mother of our subject was born in Andover, N.J., in 1832, is of German descent in the paternal line and of Scotch-Irish ancestry on her mother's side. Her marriage was solemnized in Fulton County. She also is still living.

Dr Collins spent his school days in Stark County, studying first in the common schools and afterward in the High School at Farmer City. After completing the course of study there he entered the St. Louis (Mo.) Medical and Dental College, from which he was graduated in 1884. He selected Lebanon, St. Clair County, as the scene of his labors, and opening an office practiced there two years, but in the fall of 1887 decided on a change of location and established himself in Clinton, where he enjoys a good business. His office is supplied with the latest and best appurtenances of dental science, and the Doctor himself has the mechanical skill as well as the theoretical knowledge necessary for their proper use.

Dr. Collins was fortunate in his choice of a life companion, winning for his wife Miss Emma J. Widicus, to whom he was married October 2, 1887. This lady was born in Highland, Madison County, but at the time of her marriage was residing in Summerfield, St. Clair County. Her parents, George and Freda (Kaufman) Widicus, natives of Germany, settled in St. Clair County, this State, in 1843. Mr. and Mrs. Collins have had born to them a son, upon whom has been bestowed the name of George W., and an infant unnamed.

Dr. Collins is of a social and benevolent nature, and is identified with two well-known fraternities. He belongs to DeWitt Lodge, No. 84, A. F. & A. M.; Goodbrake Chapter, No. 10, R.A.M., and Olive Branch Lodge, I. O. O. F. His culture of mind, courteous address and the prominent traits in his character have brought him friends by whom he is much esteemed.

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Milton R. Colwell figured in the late Civil War as one of the brave, resolute, manly soldiers, who saved this country from destruction during those "times that tried men's souls." He is now bearing as honorable a part in helping to sustain and promote the great agricultural interests of the Prairie State. He is doing a good business as a farmer and raiser of stock in DeWitt County, and his farm on section 36, Clintonia Township, is one of the best-equipped and managed in this locality.

October 26, 1841, our subject was born in Champaign County, Ohio. His father, whose given name was Benjamin L., was also a native of that State, and was there born in 1815. Our subject's grandfather is supposed to have been a native of Pennsylvania. He was a pioneer farmer of Ohio whither he emigrated from his early Pennsylvania home and he spent the remainder of his life in the Buckeye State, dying at a ripe old age.

Benjamin L. Colwell passed his boyhood and the opening years of his manhood in the State of his nativity and gained such an education as was afforded by its primitive pioneer schools. In 1850 he came to DeWitt County with his family and first settled at Clinton, where he remained for a short time engaged at his trade as a brick-mason and brick-maker. A few years later he bought a farm two and one-half miles northeast of Clinton, and carried on agriculture there until 1883 when he sold his place there and removed to Wood River, Neb. [See transcribers note]. He is still living there in retirement in the enjoyment of an ample competence. When a young man he married Matilda Plumer who was born in Ohio in 1820. Their marriage resulted to them in the birth of ten children, of whom these named grew to maturity; Fidelia, Milton, Hannah, Orin, Melissa, Peter, Sallie, Savilla, and William, and one who died in infancy. The father and mother are among the most consistent members of the Presbyterian Church and are strong in the faith. In his political views the father is a Republican.

We will now turn our attention to our subject and tell somewhat of his life and work. Until he was eight years old he lived in his native State, and at that age accompanied his parents to their new pioneer home in DeWitt County. Though he was so young he still remembers somewhat of the journey, which was performed with a team and wagon, the little party camping out by the wayside when night overtook them. He attended the log school-houses of pioneer times that were furnished with slab benches and had a slab writing desk against the wall underneath the window. Until he was twenty years of age, he was actively engaged in agricultural pursuits, rendering his father valuable assistance in his farm work. At that age he offered his services to help fight his country's battles, becoming a member of the One Hundred and Seventh Illinois Infantry, August 5, 1862. He took part in the Franklin, Nashville and Atlanta campaigns and displayed fine soldierly qualities on every occasion that called for bravery, endurance or fidelity.

Mr. Colwell was taken prisoner at Clinch Gap, Tenn., while on his way to join his regiment December 14, 1863. He was sent to Belle Isle where he was confined until March 7, 1864. After his release he joined his regiment near Resaca, Ga., while it was on the Atlanta campaign. He next engaged in the battle at Franklin and faced the enemy again at Nashville. He was active in many skirmishes and was present at several important battles besides those mentioned. He was mustered out of the army in July 1865, and returning to his old home quietly resumed his calling as a farmer.

Our subject has rented land more or less since then, and in 1870 and 1875 purchased his present homestead of eighty acres in Clintonia Township. He rents and farms land to the amount of two hundred and sixty-five acres, is engaged quite extensively in general husbandry and raises considerable stock. His farm is well ordered and the buildings upon it are neat and carefully constructed. In the spring of 1883 he erected a large and handsome residence at a cost of $3,500, and here he and his family have one of the loveliest homes in the township.

To the lady who looks so carefully after his household affairs and is in every sense a helpmate to him and a companion, our subject was married October 24, 1867. Mrs. Colwell's name in her maiden days was Ida Simpson, and she was born in Greene County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Colwell have two children, whom they have named Laura Belle, and Adda Louise.

Mr. and Mrs. Colwell are people of good social standing and are very much prized by their neighbors and other friends for their many kindly qualities of head and heart. Mr. Colwell is an excellent manager, and carries on his farming and stock interests in a business-like manner and so as to make the most of them. In him the Republican party of DeWitt County finds one of its most earnest advocates. As a Commissioner of Highways, which position he had held for twelve years, his township is greatly indebted to him for the work he has done to improve the traveling facilities of this section. His soldier life is held in remembrance by his connection with the Grand Army of the Republic as a member of Post No. 157 at Clinton. He is also a zealous member of the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association.

[Transcribers note: Cemetery transcription from the Wood River Cemetery, Wood River, Hall County, NE:

Colwell, Benjamin Sept. 11, 1815--Feb. 27, 1903

Colwell, Matilda Mar. 4, 1819--Jan. 11, 1904 "Wife of Benjamin"]

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The needs and desires of men afford a field for the establishment of various lines of business wherever people are gathered in communities. Clinton, DeWitt County, is the seat of various business enterprises of greater of less importance and in a more or less flourishing state. One of the representative citizens of the town is the subject of this sketch who devotes his time and talents to the real estate, loan and insurance business. He is deriving a good income from his transactions, has a good name in financial circles and is so situated as to be able to aid in the development and up-building of the town.

The Conklin family is of Scotch descent, but has been represented in America for several generations. John Conklin, the grandfather of our subject, was born in Maryland and became a resident of Washington County, Pa. There William Conklin, the father of our subject, was born March 17, 1809. He is still living, making his home with the son of whom we write. The maiden name of the mother of our subject was Bridget McKernan, who was born in Ireland and accompanied her parents, Peter and Catherine McKernan, to America when twelve months old. Growing to womanhood in the eastern part of the United States she acquired a fair education and became fitted to take charge of a home and the oversight of a family. She died in 1880, leaving six sons and four daughters.

Our subject was born in Muskingum County Ohio, near Zanesville, August 18, 1838. His father was a farmer and the lad early became acquainted with the art of tilling the soil, bearing his share in the home duties as his years and strength increased. He pursued his studies in the common schools and became practically well informed. In 1860, a few months after he became of age, he embarked in the retail grocery trade in Attica, Ind., but during the ensuing year gave up that business and began selling Seth Thomas clocks. He traveled with a wagon through DeWitt, Piatt, and other counties of Illinois, disposing of his stock in the rural districts as well and in the towns.

Mr. Conklin became convinced that his duty lay in joining the ranks of his country's defenders, and retuning to his native State he settled up his business and enlisted. In August, 1862, he was enrolled in the Ninth Ohio Cavalry, Maj. W. B. Hamilton commanding the battalion. The body was sent to Kentucky and Tennessee, going as far as Knoxville, where, under command of Gen. Burnside they fought against Longstreet. After the first engagement of any moment in which Mr. Conklin participated, he was made First Lieutenant and Quartermaster of the Thirteenth Tennessee Cavalry, which was commanded by Col. John K. Miller. This regiment was ordered by Gen. Burnside to Camp Nelson, Ky., where the men were to be clothed and mounted, after which they were ordered to Nashville. During the winter of 1863-64, a brigade composed of regiments, one of which was the Thirteenth Tennessee, was organized, placed under command of Col. Miller, and known as Gov. Johnson's Guard. Of this brigade our subject was made Quartermaster.

In August, 1864, the regiment was sent to East Tennessee on a scouting expedition and there met John Morgan. Morgan was killed early in the fight. Gen. Basil Duke took command of the Morgan expedition. In the fall Mr. Conklin was taken sick, and not recovering his strength, tendered his resignation from the service. He returned to this State, spent some time at his father's home and then retuned to Knoxville, Tenn., where he was engaged in fixing up his reports with the Government and received his final discharge.

May 23, 1865, Mr. Conklin was married to Miss Mary J. Wright, a native of Gallatin, Tenn. This lady is a daughter of William and Margaret Wright, natives of Tennessee. She was a graduate of Howard Female Academy of Gallatine, Tenn., in her early years and possesses the courteous manners which indicate her careful training. Mr. and Mrs Conklin established a home in Clinton, where the husband was variously engaged until 1870, when he took up his present occupation. He is assisted in his work by Frank C. Davidson, who shares the profits as a member of the firm Conklin & Davidson.

In 1886 Mr. Conklin was elected Alderman from the Second Ward and was re-elected at the expiration of the two years' term. He belongs to the Knights of Pythias. In politics he is a stanch Democrat. He owns a small tract of valuable land within the city limits and here his pleasant home is located.

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Sylvester P. Coppenbarger is a representative of one of the early pioneer families in DeWitt County, and as one of the leading farmers of Tunbridge Township he has been no unimportant agent in aiding the development of this part of Illinois. He was born on his father's old homestead in Tunbridge Township, December 15, 1839. His father, John Coppenbarger, was a native of Tennessee, and was reared in the place of his birth. He married Mary Newcomb who was born and reared in Kentucky, her marriage with Mr. Coppenbarger taking place in DeWitt County, of which her parents were early settlers.

Mr. Coppenbarger was one of the first men to settle in the county. He located on section 7, Tunbridge Township, and helped to build the first log house that was ever put up within the present county limits. He was a blacksmith by trade and was also a millwright. He and his brother-in-law built the first mill that was ever erected in the county. The first millstones that were used in that mill are still on the place. The house in which our subject now lives was made by his father from rough timber hewn by hand. Mr. Coppenbarger made his home on his farm on section 8 until his death in October, 1869, when one of our most honored pioneers, whose name will always be linked with the history of DeWitt County, passed to eternal rest.

The father of our subject was twice married. His second wife, the mother of our subject, survived him until September, 1878, when she too passed away. By their marriage three children were born, as follows: William A., who died at the age of sixteen years; John W., who died when fifteen years old; our subject, Sylvester P. The maiden name of Mr. Coppenbarger's first wife was Matilda Shugart, and by her he had seven children: Joab and Nancy, deceased; Elizabeth; Zion, who is deceased; Edom, Jacob and Catherine.

Our subject is the youngest son of the family and his life has been passed in his native county. His first schooling was in a log cabin. He remained with his parents until he married, July 24, 1868, Miss Harriet L., daughter of H.F. and Mary (Clark) Byerly, becoming his wife. Mrs. Coppenbarger was born in Johnston County, Ind., March 30, 1848, but the most of her life has been passed in DeWitt County, to which she came in 1851 when about three years of age, with her parents.

Her father was born in South Carolina, and remained there until he was twelve years old. He then went to Maryland with his parents, and there grew to maturity. His wife was born in Kentucky, but was reared in Johnston County, Ind., where they were married. Mrs. Coppenbarger was the third daughter and fourth child in their family of seven children, of whom the others are Sarah J., Gillia, Alexander C., John (who was a twin to Harriet and died at the age of five years), Missouri E. and Margaret E. Three daughters and one son have blessed the happy marriage of our subject and his wife, namely: Charles W., who resides at home and is a student at school; Mary C., who died at the age of one year and eight months; Elva F., who is attending school; Matilda M., the youngest of the family. Besides these they have taken care of two of Mr. Coppenbarger's brother Joab's children--Lorna, who was married to George Whitehead; and John T., who is still with them.

Mr. Coppenbarger took up his residence on the old homestead after his marriage and has since lived here with the exception of three years when he was engaged in business in Kenney as a butcher and the proprietor of a meat market. He has a valuable farm of three hundred and forty-five acres of land of surpassing fertility. It is well fenced into convenient fields, and is finely adapted to stock farming, as it is well watered by Salt Creek, which runs through the center of his place, and by several fine springs. Mr. Coppenbarger is intending to utilize the springs by making a fish pond. The buildings are of a substantial order and the lands are well tilled. He has about twenty-two head of choice cattle, has one hundred and fifty hogs of good grade, and eleven horses. Mr. Coppenbarger is an active, wide-awake man of resolute character, who has a good insight into the best methods of conducting agriculture, and his position in the township of his birth is among its solid men, who are working for its advancement. In his political views he is a decided Democrat. He has been Assessor and has held the office of School Director for fourteen years. He is one of the leading Masons of the county, belonging to DeWitt Lodge, No. 84, at Clinton, and has a beautiful diploma of the order of the Palm and Shell received from Robert Morris, of Kentucky.

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William H. Costley, Postmaster at Weldon, is a loyal veteran of the late war and a prominent citizen of DeWitt County. He is a native of this State, born in Greene County, near White Hall, February 19, 1845. He comes of pioneer antecedents and is a son of William Costley, who was also a native of this State. He was a farmer by occupation and a soldier in the Mexican War, being a member of the Fourth Illinois Infantry. While in the army fighting on Mexican battlefields he contracted a disease which terminated his life in 1852, about three years after his return from Mexico, and his mortal remains were buried in Sangamon County.

The mother of our subject was in her maiden days Alzena B. Brannan, and was a native of Kentucky. When six years old her parents brought her to Morgan County, Ill., where she grew to womanhood. She is still living and makes her home in Nixon Township. She has been three times married and by her union with her second husband, John M. Evans, became the mother of three children--Charles M., Mary C. and Sarah, who are all living. By her third husband, Lewis F. Robertson, she had one daughter, Ruth L., who died at the age of nineteen years. Of her marriage with the father of our subject three sons and one daughter were born, the eldest of the sons and the daughter also dying in infancy. The survivors are William H. our subject, and John F., who resides in Nixon Township.

Our subject's paternal grandfather was Howard Costley, who was of Scotch-Irish descent. He came to Illinois in an early day of its settlement and was a pioneer farmer of Greene County, where he died. Our subject's grandfather on his mother's side was William Brannan, who was born in Kentucky and there reared to the life of a farmer; he died in 1850. His wife was also born and bred in Kentucky, and came to Illinois in 1830, locating in Morgan County, west of Jacksonville. She is still living at the venerable age of eighty-two years and now makes her home in Altamont, Kan. Of her eleven children eight are living. Our subject's maternal great-grandfather, whose name was Keys, was a native of Virginia and a pioneer farmer of Kentucky, where he died at a ripe old age. He was one of the heroes of the Revolution, and other ancestors of our subject took part in that great conflict.

William Costley, the subject of this biographical review, passed his early life in Sangamon County, receiving his education in the log schoolhouse of pioneer times, his mother working by the week to pay for his first three months' schooling. He was but eleven years old when he had to start out to fight life's battles for himself. He worked in the harvest field for the first twenty-five cents he ever earned, and continued to work by the month until he was nineteen years old. At that age he enlisted in Company D, twenty-sixth Illinois Infantry, February 26, 1863, and his career as a soldier did credit to the patriotic blood of his Revolutionary forefathers. He fought in the following battles: Lookout Mountain, Mission Ridge, Resaca, Kingston, Rome, New Hope Church and was in the siege of Knoxville. He marched with Sherman to the sea and then on to Washington, where he took part in the Grand Review after the close of the war. He was honorably discharged at Louisville, Ky., July 28, 1865, with a fine record as a courageous and efficient soldier.

On his return home from the South, our subject lived for a while at Berlin and was there married December 7, 1865, to Maggie B., daughter of Joel and Elizabeth (Dale) Johnston. Mrs. Costley was born in Lawrence County, Ind., February 19, 1845, and was there reared until she was thirteen years old, when she went with her parents to Carthage, Mo. The family resided there until the breaking out of the war in 1861 and then came to this State and located in Sangamon County. The parents were natives of Tennessee and Indiana respectively and had ten children, of whom Mrs. Costley and her twin sister were among the first born.

Our subject took up his location on a farm near Berlin after his marriage and remained there until the spring of 1870, when he came to DeWitt County and located on section 32, Nixon Township. He improved there a fine farm, fenced it into convenient fields and placed upon it suitable buildings and continued to carry it on until 1884. In that year he removed to Clinton, where he conducted an immense farm business as besides his annual sale of stock he sold $15,000 worth of produce. He remained there four years and at the expiration of that time, in the spring of 1889, he came to Weldon and established himself in the real estate, loan and insurance business. In the same year he was appointed Postmaster of the city and is still an incumbent of that office, performing the duties connected with it with his usual promptness and courtesy, and to the general satisfaction of all concerned. He is a sound Republican and was nominated by his party in 1882 for County Treasurer, but was defeated by a small majority. He is one of the leading members of the Knights of Pythias, and is now holding the first Chair in the order. He ia a charter member of Masonic Lodge No. 96, at Weldon, and is connected with the Grand Army of the Republic as a charter member of the Frank Lowry Post, No. 157 at Clinton. He is interested in securing pensions for soldiers, looking up their records, etc.

Mr. and Mrs. Costley are the parents of five children, three daughters and two sons, namely: Minnie T., a teacher in the school in District No. 4; John L., a teacher at Mt. Tabor, DeWitt County; Mary A., a teacher at Weldon; Lucy J., who married Wesley Emery, a farmer of Creek Township; Charles J., a student at school, who is living with his parents. In the kindness of their hearts our subject and his wife have taken a little orphan boy, Charles Henry Clements, to rear. He came to them at the age of two and one-half years, and is now seven years old. The attention of the reader is invited to a lithographic portrait of Mr. Costley, which appears in connection with this personal sketch.

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The spirit of progress and enterprise, as displayed in individuals has always formed a considerable part of our national character, and nowhere is it more strikingly exhibited than in the life of Mr. Craig, who owns and operates a fine farm of ninety-one acres on section 22, Texas Township. He contemplates an early removal to Clinton, where he is building a shop, and expects to engage in business principally as a cabinet-maker. In the latter vocation he is naturally gifted and has become proficient, and the fine furniture and bric-a-brac with which his residence is filled were constructed by himself. His life has been such as to win for him the esteem of a large circle of acquaintances, and wherever known he is honored as a good citizen and an energetic business man.

Before noticing more in detail the life of Mr. Craig, a few words in regard to his ancestry will not be amiss. His father, Daniel W. Craig, was born in Alleghany County, Pa., whence he removed at the age of fifteen years to Ohio, in company with his parents. He early began to make himself useful, and learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed at intervals through his entire life. He was united in marriage in Ashland, Ohio, with Polly Conn, who was born near Hagerstown, Md., and accompanied her parents to Ohio when a small child. After their marriage the parents of our subject resided for several years in Ashland, where Mr. Craig operated a sawmill in connection with other business. About 1855 he brought his family to DeWitt County, Ill., and located on a farm in Creek Township. At present (1891) they reside in Maroa, where the father is working at the carpenter's trade.

The parental family included eleven children, namely: Samuel, our subject; Luke resides in Maroa; Elisha lives in Kansas City; John is on the police force in Los Angeles, Cal., William is a physician in Kenney, Ill.; Mary A. is the wife of Edgar Phares, and lives in Kansas, where Mr. Phares is engaged in the lumber business; Estella, a school teacher, resides with her parents in Maroa; Curtice was killed on a railroad in California; Ida, Laningham and Lizzie died young. Our subject was born in Ashland County, Ohio, September 29, 1848, and when only six years old was brought by his parents to DeWitt County, Ill. In a primitive log schoolhouse of Texas Township, he was initiated into the mysteries of the three R's, but the somewhat meager education received there has been enlarged by subsequent reading and observation. Until he was twenty-one years old he remained at home, learning the carpenter's trade, and afterward working on a farm by the month.

In 1879 Mr. Craig was united in marriage with Miss Maggie B., daughter of A. and Mary A. Kemp, who came to Macon County in an early day. Mrs. Craig was born in DeWitt County, Ill., and evinces that refinement of character which forms a noble womanhood. She resides with grace over her pleasant home and dispenses its hospitality to her many friends. Mr. and Mrs. Craig are generous, whole-souled people, whose taste and culture cause them to be welcomed into the highest society of the community.

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Among the young men who are making their mark in Kenney, DeWitt County, is Dr. Craig, who opened an office there a few years since, and has established himself in a good practice. He has secured the good will of the people, and by his success in his chosen work has won an excellent reputation as physician and surgeon, so that the demands upon him are increasing quite rapidly. His office is one of the finest in the county, containing an excellent library and every convenience for the prosecution of his studies, and investigations in the science of therapeutics.

Dr. Craig is a native of the county, having been born in Creek Township, July 2, 1857. His father, Daniel W. Craig, was born in the Keystone State but reared in Ohio, and is a carpenter by trade. The mother, whose maiden name was Mary Conn, was born in Maryland, but grew to womanhood in Wheeling, W. Va. This couple were married in Ashland County, Ohio, and made that their home until 1853-54, when they came to DeWitt County. Here Mr. Craig located on a farm in Creek Township, improving the place and continuing to reside thereon until 1863. He then removed to Texas Township, operated a farm some three years, then changed to another tract upon which he remained twelve years. This farm was furnished with a fine frame house, two stories in height, trees were set out upon it, and other improvements made. Mr. Craig finally removed to Maroa, where he built a dwelling and improved his property, and is now following his trade, although seventy years of age. Mrs. Craig has reached her sixty-fifth year.

The family of which Dr. Craig makes one, includes also the following sons and daughters: Samuel, whose sketch is to be found in this Album; Luke, a carpenter and weaver living in Maroa; Elisha, a barber in Kansas City, Mo.; John, Chief of the police force in Los Angeles, Cal.; Elizabeth, who died at the age of two years; Curtis, who was killed in a railroad wreck, being a conductor; Mary Ann, who married Edgar Pharis, a lumber dealer in Hutchison, Kan.; Ida M., who died when fourteen years old; Vallandingham, who died in infancy; and Estell, who is teaching school in Creek Township.

Dr. Craig is the sixth child in this family. He received his first schooling in the district schools, and in the intervals of study assisted his father on the farm until he was twenty years of age. In 1878 he found employment in a drug-store in Kenney, remaining there until 1882, when he accepted a position with W.W. Marmon, a wholesale druggist at Bloomington. After traveling for that gentleman two years, Mr. Craig located at Donnellson, and spent a year in reading medicine. In the fall of 1885, he entered the Missouri Medical College at St. Louis, Mo., where he assiduously pursued the source of study which entitled him to a diploma in the spring of 1887. Coming at once to Kenney he opened an office and began a medical career which is bright with promise for the future.

Dr. Craig was married in (sic) December 18, 1889 to Miss Sallie A. Turner, daughter of Capt. J.R. Turner, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this Album. The residence of Dr. Craig is a well-built and attractive one, furnished in accordance with the tastes of the occupant, and displaying the presence of refined womanhood in its arrangement. The Dr. is quite interested in the social and benevolent orders, and holds membership in the Knights of Pythias and Modern Woodmen of America.

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A prominent place among the large business establishments of Clinton, DeWitt County, is held by that carried on under the style of Fred Crang & Co. The firm carries a large and varied stock of dry-goods, carpets, millinery, etc., occupying a store which extends across a block from street to street. Nine clerks are constantly employed in attending to the wants of the patrons of the establishment and a flourishing business is conducted. The senior member of the firm is a young man but inherits from his father what might be called a mercantile mind, which has been developed by the training which he received, so that he is well fitted for carrying to a successful issue a commercial enterprise.

Richard Rowe Crang, the father of our subject, was for many years a prominent merchant in Clinton, where the son, of whom we write, was born January 19, 1864. The father was born in Tavestock, Devonshire, England, January 13, 1823, and was the sixth of the eleven children born to James and Margaret (Ward) Crang. He attended school at the place of his nativity, and in Devonshire grew nearly to manhood. He began his mercantile experience as a clerk in a London store, where he remained until he determined to seek his fortune in America. Crossing the Atlantic, he landed at New York City, whence he came to Chicago, where he found employment as clerk in a large dry-goods establishment. After a time he opened an establishment of his own and carried on a fairly successful trade until 1855. He then removed to Clinton, opened a store, and by dint of honesty, close application and good judgment in keeping up his stock in trade, he built up a large business. He carried on the enterprise until his health failed him and he died February 5, 1877. He was a man of fine character, a devoted member of the Baptist Church, in which he served as Deacon a number of years.

While living in Chicago, R.R. Crang was married to Miss Elizabeth Wightwick, the ceremony taking place in 1854. The bride was born in Tenterden, England, and died in Clinton after a few years of wedded life. She left one daughter, Nellie E., who is now the wife of David Oliver, their home being in North Manchester, Ind. On May 4, 1858, Mr. Crang was again married, his bride being Miss Theresa E. Moon, of Lincoln. This lady was born and reared in Stonehouse, Devonshire, England, and received and excellent education there. Her parents were Thomas and Hannah (Lamacraft) Moon; in 1848 she with them removed to Knight's Bridge, London, coming to Lincoln, Ill., September 8, 1857, but after a short sojourn there removed to Clinton. The father, Capt. Thomas Moon, died in England, December 25, 1856, and the mother in Detroit, Mich., October 27, 1874. Mrs. Theresa Crang bore her husband eight children, seven of whom survived their father. These are Theresa M., Frank E., Fred, Nora Rowe, Alice M., Richard Rowe and Gracie. The last named died in 1878. Another daughter, Katie W., had been removed from the sorrowing household in 1865.

The eldest daughter, Theresa, is the wife of William Booth, now Prosecuting Attorney of DeWitt County; Alice is the wife of E. Caldwell, a railroad conductor; Frank is a farmer, and Richard a clerk in his brother's store. The widowed mother occupies the old home--a roomy and homelike dwelling, well furnished and supplied with all the comforts that heart can wish. She has a pleasant circle of acquaintances and in the enjoyment of their society and the loving companionship of her children she is passing gently down the slope of the hill of Time.

The subject of this biographical notice pursued his studies in the schools of Clinton, completing them in the High School. He was but fourteen years old when he entered his father's store as a clerk on a small salary. After the death of his parent the business was taken charge of by his uncle, Henry Crang, and the lad continued to act in a clerical capacity until 1886. He then bought the interest which was held by his uncle, and with his mother, assumed control of matters. He follows his father's example and teaching in pursuing an honorable course in business transactions, in keeping the establishment well supplied with carefully-selected goods, and in seeing that every visitor is treated with courteous attention. Beginning his career under favorable auspices, it promises to be one of personal credit as well as financial prosperity.

Mr. Crang has just completed a cozy residence in the southeastern part of the city, where the grace and refinement of his bride will make a veritable home. He was married in 1890 to Miss Allie Horner, who is a native of this State and spent the most of her youth in Buckley, whither her father, Dr. W.F. Horner, had come from Pennsylvania. The young couple are social and kindly and both are favorably known in Clinton. Mr. Crang is a member of the Knights of Pythias.

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R.O. CRAWFORD Page 970

President of the First National Bank, of Farmer City, is one of the most prominent business men and financiers of DeWitt County. He is one of the original stockholders in the bank, and the only one still connected therewith, and he was one of its organizers. The institution was incorporated in October, 1874, with J.H. Harrison as President, and that gentleman was succeeded by Mr. Crawford in January, 1883. Since that time, with the exception of one year, Mr. Crawford has retained the position and he has been the mainstay of the bank, its success being largely due to his management. He has never sold a share of his stock, but has continually increased it, and now owns two hundred and twenty-nine of the five hundred into which the capital is divided. Mr. Crawford is a man of sound integrity and steady business habits, and possessed of a large amount of financial tact.

Mr. Crawford was born in Montgomery County, Ky., August 7, 1817, being a son of Alex B. and Charlotte (Riggs) Crawford. His father was born in Maryland, was left an orphan when quite young and lived with an uncle until of age. He then went to Kentucky and soon afterward volunteered in the War of 1812, enlisting August 17, of that year. He served a part of the time under Gen. Harrison, to whom he was always afterward loyal, even ready to fight who said naught against him. After the war he married and established his home on a farm in Montgomery County, Ky. His wife had grown to womanhood there, but was born in Virginia. After some years Mr. and Mrs. Crawford went to Nicholas County, where the wife died after she had passed her sixtieth birthday. Her husband subsequently lived with his daughter, and died at the age of eighty-seven years. Both were active members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and Mr. Crawford was a stanch old-line Whig.

The subject of this notice passed his early years on his father's farm, and received such schooling as was given in the log buildings of that time, walking nearly two miles to school. The deficiencies in his early education are counterbalanced by his superior judgment, and what he has learned by contact with business men. He was for a time engaged in driving stock North, South and East, over the mountains, and in the fall of 1850 came to DeWitt County. He spent six years on a farm near Midlandville, then bought land in Santa Anna Township where he was successfully engaged in tilling the soil until 1868. He then sold his one hundred and twenty acres, and removed into Farmer City, where for a few years he devoted himself to the work of a money-broker. He has been active in the business life of the city, and much interested in the growth of the place and of the county.

On February 4, 1847, Mr. Crawford was married to Miss Mary J. Campbell, daughter of Charles and Rachel (Campbell) Campbell. She was born in Bourbon County, Ky., October 2, 1819, and was there reared and married. Her parents were born in the same county as herself, and came from it to Illinois with their daughter, and in DeWitt County Mr. Campbell died in December, 1856, when sixty-three years old. His widow died in Wisconsin at the home of a son, in August, 1889, when eighty-nine years of age. They were faithful Christians and members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and have carefully reared their children. Mrs. Crawford is a generous, noble-hearted woman, and she and her husband are unexcelled in their hospitality and benevolence. Both are active members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which Mr. Crawford was formerly Steward, and is now Trustee. He is a sound Republican, but was in former years a Whig, his first vote having been cast for William Henry Harrison. He was once juror in Clinton on an important case where David Davis was the presiding Judge, and Abraham Lincoln a pleader at the bar.

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The farming interests of Nixon Township are carried on by an active intelligent class of men, who are thus performing their share in maintaining and extending the great agricultural interests of DeWitt County. Among them is the gentleman whose name is at the head of this sketch, and who is a veteran of the late war.

A native of Perry County, Ohio, Mr. Crossan was born near Uniontown, May 28, 1834. He is a son of Isaac Crossan, who was born and reared in Pennsylvania. He was married in that State in Somerset County, to Elizabeth Philipy, who was also a Pennsylvanian by birth. Mr. Crossan carried on farming awhile in Somerset County and then removed to Perry County, Ohio, where he still engaged at that calling, giving the pioneers of that section of the country active assistance in its development. The parents of our subject died on their Ohio homestead, leaving to the children the example of useful and well-spent lives. Their marriage was blessed to them by the birth of four sons and one daughter, namely: David, John, Jacob, William and Mary, of whom our subject and his brother David are the only survivors.

William Crossan is the youngest son of the family. He obtained his first schooling in the place of his birth and continued to live with his parents until his marriage which occurred May 27, 1858, in Ohio, on which date Elizabeth A. Baker became his wife. She was a native of Virginia where she was born December 11, 1836, and there she was reared. Her marriage with our subject has been one of benefit to both, and has brought them five sons and three daughters, namely: Washington G.; Martha Jane, who married A. F. Kingston, a farmer of Nixon Township; George H., who is married and lives at home with his parents; Etta F., who married Walter Turner of Nixon Township; John C., Charles, William T. and Cora Belle, the four latter living at home with their parents.

Mr. Crossan came to DeWitt County in 1867 and located on section 9, Nixon Township, where he now resides. There was an old house on the place and a few other improvements. Since that time he has labored hard to bring it to its present fine condition, and now has one hundred and seventeen acres of as choice and well-cultivated land as can be found in the township, all under tillage and all finely improved. The land is neatly fenced, and our subject has erected a substantial, two-story frame dwelling house, a good barn and other suitable buildings, besides setting out a thrifty orchard.

We must not omit Mr. Crossan’s war record, which is one that reflects credit on his patriotism and citizenship. He enlisted May 2, 1864, in Company H, One Hundred and Sixtieth Ohio Infantry, and did good service with his regiment in several hotly contested engagements, until he received a sunstroke which disabled him for a time. He was sent to the hospital near Martinsburg, Va., and remained there five weeks until he had sufficiently recovered to rejoin his regiment. He then remained at the front until the expiration of his term of enlistment and was honorably discharged September 28, 1864, at Zanesville, Ohio. His life as a soldier is now kept in remembrance by his connection with the Grand Army of the Republic as a member of Chester Eleton Post, No. 554, at Weldon. He is also a member of the Farmers Mutual Benefit Association at the same place. He has served his township as Pathmaster. He is a sound Republican and always votes the straight Republican ticket.

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Matthias Crum is President of the John Weedman National Bank of Farmer City, which was organized as such in November, 1885, and was deeply interested in its organization. To his ability, indomitable energy, progressiveness and public spirit, DeWitt County is indebted for its great advancement in various directions during the past twenty years. He has been prominently connected with various schemes evolved for promoting its growth, and as one of its leading bankers and business men has greatly strengthened its financial standing. He has also been intimately connected with the rise and progress of the stock-growing interests of DeWitt County for the last decade, and has been active in raising the standard of the cattle grown in this part of Illinois. He is the proprietor of a fine stock-farm in Santa Anna Township, which is complete in its appointments, and is well-stocked with some of the finest-bred cattle in Illinois.

Mr. Crum is a native of this State, born in Macoupin County, September 13, 1841, his parents being among the pioneers of that county. His father, Joseph Crum, was a native of Indiana and a son of Matthias Crum who came of Dutch ancestry and was born in Pennsylvania. For some years he followed his occupation as a farmer in Indiana where he settled in early days. Some time in the opening years of the '30s he came to Morgan County, Ill., and died there in his pioneer home in 1841, when in middle life. His wife, who had come to Illinois with her husband, survived him a few years.

Joseph Crum was not of age when his parents came to Illinois, and in Morgan County he attained his majority, and began his career as a farmer. There also he was united in marriage with Ellen Petefish, who was born in Virginia and was quite young when her parents became pioneers of Morgan County where they died. After marriage Joseph Crum and his wife began life in Macoupin County, of which they were among the first settlers. There the wife and mother died at the age of forty-eight years. The father afterward married and lived in that county for some years, and later retired from business to a pleasant home in Paxton, Ford County, where he is still living at the age of sixty-eight years. The maiden name of his present wife was Sarah Dew. She is a Methodist in religion and a sincere Christian. Mr. Crum is a man of strong character, and active intellect, and a thorough Universalist in his religious views. The only children now living of the first marriage of Mr. Crum are our subject and his brother, the Rev. Amos Crum, pastor of the Universalist Church at Dubuque, Iowa.

Our subject passed his early life in his native county, laid a solid foundation of a liberal education in its public schools, and on his father's farm gained a sound practical knowledge of agriculture in all its branches. He was not yet twenty-one years of age when the war broke out, but before he had attained his majority he had enlisted to fight his country's battles and served in the army with all the patriotism and efficiency of a veteran. He was a member of Company B, One Hundred and Twenty-second Illinois Infantry, commanded by Capt. M. Bostick and Col. John I. Rinaker, his name being enrolled with the other members of his regiment in July, 1862, and the same officer led the men throughout the term of service. In August, 1862, the regiment started South and spent the winter of 1862-63 at Trenton, Tenn., and Corinth, Miss. In the month of December, while on the march, our subject and his comrades met the enemy at Parker's Cross Roads, Tenn., and had a short and sharp engagement in which the regiment lost quite heavily.

In the campaign of 1862 the One Hundred and Twenty-second Illinois, after being in a battle at Tupelo, Miss., in the month of July, was sent to Missouri in pursuit of Gen. Price and after crossing and re-crossing that State returned to Tennessee by water from St. Louis. The regiment next went to Nashville to help Gen. Thomas fight at that place, being under Gen. A. J. Smith, as Division commander, he having also led the forces through Missouri. After Gen. Thomas had defeated Gen. Hood, Gen. Smith took his division to New Orleans and reported to Gen. Canby who led the forces through the Alabama and Mobile campaign and fought the enemy at Ft. Blakeley and Spanish Fort, our subject and his fellow-soldiers taking an active part in those engagements in which a large number of both officers and privates of the regiment were killed, the men suffering both from exposure and lack of food. At one time they had to go for some days with nothing better than parched corn.

After the capture of Ft. Blakeley April 9, 1865, Mr. Crum's regiment was marched up through Alabama and then back to Mobile where they were mustered out at the close of the war and finally discharged at Springfield, Ill., August 8, 1865, having served three years lacking seven days. During all that long time Mr. Crum saw much hard fighting and was called upon to endure much suffering and many hardships, but his fine physique withstood the wear and tear of a soldier's life, and he spent but one night in a hospital and though in many battles escaped without a scratch.

Mr. Crum returned home in September, 1865, from the South with an honorable military record for coolness, courage and daring in the face of the enemy, and for promptness and efficiency in the discharge of his duties while a soldier. He was ambitious to increase his education and soon entered Lombard University at Galesburg, from which he was graduated with honors in the class of 1870, receiving the degree of Bachelor of Science. In 1880 his college honored him by conferring upon him the degree of Master of Science. After his college days were over Mr. Crum came to Farmer City and has ever since been in business here. He first established himself as a lumber merchant and his business in that line was subsequently merged into the well-known Andrews & Crum's Lumber Yards, of which our subject was made the manager. He afterward became sole proprietor of the yards and in 1874 disposed of them advantageously to Andres & Co. Since that time he has given his attention to his banking and stock-raising interests. The bank of which he is the head was instituted as a private bank in 1870 by the late John Weedman, who had for his partners the Thomas Bros., who are not now interested in the concern. It was organized under its present title in November, 1885, with Mr. Crum as President, A.T. Kincaid as Vice-President, and Mr. C. M. C. Weedman, son of the late John Weedman, as Cashier. The bank is ably managed and is justly considered one of the safest institutions of the kind, its officers having the full confidence of its patrons. It does a large business, extending over a great amount of territory, and had the best facilities as an exchange bank.

Mr. Crum is also extensively engaged in breeding and in feeding and selling stock. His stock farm in Santa Anna Township, is one of the finest in the county, and here he has devoted much time and care to the business for the past ten years. He has on his farm from fifty to eighty fine blooded cattle and as often as the occasion demands he has sales to sell off his surplus stock. At the head of this herd stands the famous bull "Barington Star" whose registered number is 96189 in the American Herd Book, an animal that is admired by judges of good stock throughout the State. Mr. Crum has also bred other high-grade cattle that have become well known in the county and have been exhibited at stock shows with eminent success.

Our subject has a very attractive home, which is presided over by a charming wife, who cordially assists him in extending its pleasant hospitalities to their many friends. Mrs. Crum was formerly Mary O. Wood, and was born near Quincy, Ill., and reared in Adams County. She received a thorough education at Galesburg, is a bright, intelligent woman and prominent in the best social circles of the city. Both our subject and his wife are devoted members of the Universlist Church toward which they have contributed generously.

Mr. Crum has a well balanced mind and is dowered with firmness, decision and the sturdy self-respect and rectitude of character that commands the confidence of all, and has won him a high place in the councils of his fellow-citizens. He has been Mayor of Farmer City for one term, and has held other local offices. He served as Supervisor for Santa Anna Township, and was a member of the county Board for six terms. While an incumbent of that important office he was on several committees, including that of Finance and Equalization. His war record is held in commemoration by his connection with the Grand Army of the Republic. A pronounced adherent of the Republican Party, he has always been one of its most intelligent supporters. A man of culture and liberal education, he takes a deep interest in educational matters, and in all things that pertain to the highest interests of the community of which he is a member. The lithograph portrait of Mr. Crum appears on another page of this work.

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There are various reasons why this gentleman deserves representation in a volume of a biographical nature. First, he is an old settler of DeWitt County and has spent the greater part of his life in assisting in its progress in diverse ways; second, from the position of a poor youth he has risen to that of a man of solid finances; third, he has a character and a reputation second to none, and will leave to his posterity a legacy of honor far better than silver and gold, the stocks and real estate which he has won.

We find that the grandfather of our subject was Andrew Cumming, a Virginian, whose parents had come from Scotland to America prior to the Revolutionary War. Some years after his marriage Mr. Cumming, the grandfather, removed to Tennessee, the country to which he went being wild and unbroken. His son Paxton was twelve years old when the removal took place and he grew to manhood amid the pioneer associations of the new home. Being converted to Christianity he became an itinerant minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church. While traveling a circuit in North Carolina he made the acquaintance of Priscilla E. Davidson, to whom in due course of time he was married. She also was descended from the old Scotch stock and her family was one of the first in the state. Her parents were Mitchell and Elizabeth (Vance) Davidson, her mother belonging to the noted Vance family and being an aunt of ex-Governor, now Senator, Vance.

After their marriage Paxton Cumming and his wife made their home in her native State until 1835, the husband following his calling as a minister. He was a genuine lover of freedom and in order to escape the baneful influences of human slavery and rear his children amid a people who opposed it, he came North, landing in what is now known as DeWitt County, Ill. He was accompanied by a brother, William, who is also a minister and both labored in the Gospel vineyard in the frontier to which they had come. Paxton Cumming located two hundred and forty acres of land near the present site of Farmer City and opened up a farm. He died about 1839 at the early age of thirty-eight, having been born in 1801. His wife survived him, and some years after his decease married the Rev. David White, who was a Chaplin in the Civil War and later in the regular army, but is now retired. They make their home in Lawrence, Kan., the mother of our subject being now nearly eighty years of age. She bore her first husband three sons and three daughters, and by her second marriage became the mother of seven children.

The gentleman whose name introduces these paragraphs was born in Haywood County, N.C., February 16, 1830, and was therefore in his sixth years when his parents came to this State. After the death of his father he spent part of his time with his mother and a part with his grandfather Davidson in North Carolina. The later years of his youth were spent in DeWitt County and most of the years that have passed since he reached his majority have found him a resident of Farmer City. He was for many years connected with the business affairs of the place as a dealer in hardware and afterward in the boot and shoe business, and as a tradesman has made considerable money. He, however regards himself as a farmer and stock-raiser. He formerly owned a large farm adjoining Farmer City, a part of which was eventually laid out in city lots and brought a good price when placed on the market. At present Mr. Cumming is chiefly engaged in real-estate transactions at Portland, Ore.,--both city and outlying lands--and in money-loaning. He continues to make his home, however, in Farmer City.

At the bride's home in DeWitt County, the marriage rites were solemnized between Mr. Cumming and Miss America Waters. This lady was born in Vermillion County, this State, November 9, 1828, being the eldest daughter of Silas and Christiana (Conway) Water, natives of Virginia and Kentucky respectively. Mr. Waters became a resident of the Blue Grass State when a young man, was married there, and in 1828 came to Illinois, joining the early settlers in what is now Vermillion County. A year or two later he changed his place of abode to McLean County, settling on a part of the Government domain near Le Roy. There he and his wife built up a fine home, living to see the country well improved and dying full of years and honor. They were prominent in pioneer circles and active members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They had two sons and two daughters, all of whom are married; the sons are retired farmers living in Le Roty and the daughters reside in Farmer City. Mrs. Cumming was carefully reared by her intelligent parents and was given as good an education as the schools of McLean County could furnish.

To Mr. and Mrs. Cumming four children have come, one of whom, Paxton, died in infancy. Luella M. is the wife of Prof. William Wetzell, Superintendent of Schools in Multnomah County, Ore., and an educator well known on the Pacific Coast; Dr. William A. married Nettie McCord and practices dentistry in Portland, Ore.; Shannah M. is the wife of Martin Jones, a banker and grain dealer in Belle Flower, McLean County.

Mr. and Mrs. Cumming have a leading place in the social circles of Farmer City and are prominent members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Cumming has held an official position in that denomination since he was of age. He takes an active interest in political affairs and in the local councils of the Republican party is conspicuous. For many years he was connected as a stock-holder, Director and Vice President with the First National Bank of Farmer City. He and his wife are the oldest married couple living within the limits of the town, and the long years they have spent there have given them a thorough acquaintance with the people, among whom they are firmly established in reputation.

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Irvin Danels is associated with the industrial interests of DeWitt County, as a practical farmer and a skillful wagonmaker and blacksmith. He is a respected citizen of Barnett Township, where he has a comfortable home and is doing a good business in his various callings. He has encountered many hardships during his long and active career, and owes his success entirely to his own unaided efforts. Though not a native of this State, he has resided here many years and is identified with every movement calculated to increase the prosperity of his adopted county and township. In Harmony Township, Clarke County, Ohio, Mr. Danels was born August 11, 1825, and is the son of John and Hannah (Hull) Danels, who went from Kentucky to Ohio at an early date. In the Buckeye State the father engaged in farming until his useful career was cut short by his untimely death in 1827, while yet in the prime of manhood. His wife was born in 1800 and was a daughter of Tristam and Sarah Hull. Of the two children born to John and Hannah Danels, our subject is the only survivor. His mother was afterward united in marriage with John Groves and to them were born five children as follows: Lydia A., Mary, Sarah, Emeziah J. and John H., all of whom married except the youngest. The paternal grandfather of our subject, Reuben Danels, was a pioneer farmer of Coles County, Ill., whither he had come in 1834. He was twice married and had seven children by his first wife and two by his second. Irvin Danels was reared to the life of a farmer and gleaned his education in the primitive schools of that day. When he was fifteen years of age he went to live with his uncle, Isaac Harris, for whom he worked two years, receiving as his compensation his board and clothes. He afterward worked by the month, living at home in the winter seasons. On March 12, 1844 his mother died and then the household lost much of its attractiveness. Having determined to locate in Illinois, he started on his journey hither April 6, 1845, walking the entire distance and after his arrival in Waynesville opened a shop for a smithy and engaged in making wagons. This business he is still conducting and his energy and good management have made of it a success. He operated in Waynesville until April, 1867, when he located on an eighty-acre tract of land which forms a part of his present homestead. He has spent considerable on improvements, having a finely-developed farm and devoting also some attention to blacksmithing. An important event in the life of Mr. Danels was his marriage, February 17, 1848, to Sarah Cantril. This lady is the daughter of Joshua and Eliza (Scott) Cantril, who came from Champaign County, Ohio, to this county in 1836. Mr. Cantril was the son of Zebulon Cantril, who came to Illinois in 1834, residing in Springfield for a time and in 1836 removing to Waynesville, where he remained until his death. Of the nine children born to Mr. and Mrs. Danels six lived to manhood and womanhood, as follows: William, a resident of Iowa; Edward; Perry J.; Hannah, the wife of S.M. Swartz; Ida; Mary C., the wife of William McCrary. Mr. Danels and his estimable wife are held in high esteem wherever known, as they are kindly and neighborly in their relation with those around them.

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James Danison was for more than a quarter of a century one of the leading farmers of DeWitt Township and thus played an important part in the agricultural development of DeWitt County, which lost a valuable citizen in his death July 8, 1887. He had extensive farming interests, owning besides his homestead of two hundred acres on section 34, DeWitt Township, a quarter-section of land in another part of the township and two hundred and seventy-two acres in Jasper County, nearly all of which is well cultivated and substantially improved.

Mr. Danison was born amid the pioneer scenes of Perry County, Ohio, October 9, 1834, and was the son of Edward and Elitha (Thickle) Danison. They were natives either of Maryland or Pennsylvania, and were married in Ohio. They afterward engaged in farming in Madison Township, Perry County, until death called them hence. Mr. Danison had attained the venerable age of ninety-three years and Mrs. Danison was eighty years of age at the time of her demise. They were people of estimable character, Christian spirit and were well esteemed by all who knew them.

James Danison, the subject of this biographical notice, was the youngest of a family of four sons and two daughters and was educated in the schools of his native county where he passed his early years. In October, 1861, he came to Illinois as he shrewdly foresaw that on the fertile soil of this State he could carry on his occupation of a farmer very advantageously. He at once began his operations in DeWitt Township, which led him to the acquisition of a comfortable property and he not only owned land in this county, but as before mentioned has valuable real-estate interests in Jasper County.

The first wife of our subject bore the maiden name of Amanda Lenhart. In less than two years after their marriage she died of apoplexy at the age of twenty-three years. Of that union one child was born--Seymore W., now a resident of Weldon where he is engaged in the livery business. He married Miss Fannie Clifford, a native of Weldon. Mr. Danison was a second time married, his bride on this occasion being Miss Louisa Williams, a native of Madison Township, Perry County, Ohio, and born January 10, 1839. She survives her husband and is still living on the homestead in DeWitt Township, though she contemplates removal to Weldon where she will make her home in the future. She is an extremely able woman, possessing a keen mind, rare judgment, and is managing well the interests of the family. Her noble character and kindly disposition cause her to be regarded with esteem by all who know her.

The parents of Mrs. Danison were William and Mary (Wright) Williams, natives of Pennsylvania and of New England ancestry. Their early years were passed in the Keystone State in Somerset County, but they were still in their youth when they went to Ohio, where they were married and began life together on a farm. There in their comfortable home they lived until death ended their useful lives at a ripe age, Mr. Williams dying at the age of seventy years and his wife when seventy-seven years old. They were moral, God-fearing people, whom to know was to respect. Mrs. Williams was of the Baptist persuasion and was a woman of true piety.

Our subject and his wife came to Illinois in the fall of 1861, and in the home they established here eleven children were born of their happy wedded life, of whom the following five died young: Laura B., Ellis E., Polly, Ariley and and infant that died unnamed. Those who are left to comfort the mother are: William, who married Elma Leasure and lives on a farm near Weldon; Arthur, Cora E., Thomas J., Nellie M. and Charlotta, all of whom with the exception of William, are living with their mother.

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Not only is this gentleman numbered among the most successful farmers of Tunbridge Township, where he has a valuable estate, but he also occupies an honorable place among the leading agriculturists of DeWitt County. He was born in Schoharie County, N.Y., January 15, 1812. His father, Samuel Davenport, was a native of Rhode Island, and was reared in the place of his birth. He subsequently went to Schoharie County, N.Y., where he met and married Mary Vanvaline, a native of the Empire State. Mr. Davenport was a farmer and a blacksmith by occupation and led a useful life until his career was terminated by his untimely death in 1820. His widow survived him thirty years, dying in 1850. They were the parents of five daughters and five sons, all of whom grew to maturity, but three only survive: Levi, Lewis and Mary Ann. The deceased are Hannah, Martha, Valentine, Esther, Samuel, John and Phoebe.

Our subject, the seventh child and fourth son of the family, passed his early life in the State of his nativity and obtained his education at the district school. At the age of nine years he went to live with a Mr. Sidney, and remained with him until he was sixteen years old. After that he served a four years' apprenticeship at Esperance, N.Y., to learn the trade of a cabinetmaker. Later he did journey work in different places and for a year was employed at Albany, N.Y.

Our subject took an important and fortunate step in life when he came to DeWitt County in 1845, and lent his energy to the work of aiding his fellow pioneers in the up-building of this community. He opened a shop at Clinton and engaged at his trade. His marriage took place September 3, 1846, on which date he led to the altar Miss Mary F., a daughter of Thomas and Sarah (Breisford) Hutchin. Mrs. Davenport is a native of Butler County, Ohio, born March 23, 1818. She is the fourth child and second daughter of her parents, who were natives respectively of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. They came to this county in 1839 and located on section 16, Tunbridge Township. Mr. Hutchin built a frame house and improved a farm on which he lived until death called him hence July 29, 1852. His wife died June 16, 1850, and they are resting side by side in the family cemetery on their old homestead. They were the parents of eleven children, six daughters and five sons, all of whom lived to maturity and the following of whom are still living: William, Mary, Charles, Rachael J., Isaac W., and Isyphena. The names of those who died are Nancy, John, Catherine, Thomas, and Sarah Jane.

Mr. and Mrs. Davenport are the parents of five children, as follows: Sarah Isyphena married L.W. Green and they have seven children; Catharine H. became the wife of James C. Williams, and they have five children living; Dyalma married Belle Howard and they have three children; Florence Belle was united in marriage with Joel H. Williams and to them have been born three children; Mary Annie married William Craig and at her death left one child, which has since died. After his marriage Mr. Davenport settled on a tract of wild prairie in Barnett Township, this county. He had much pioneer labor to undergo before he could develop it into a fine farm. His first work was to build a hewed log house and a log barn, and he then broke the prairie and fenced his land into convenient fields. In 1849 he moved to Clinton and resumed his business as a cabinet-maker. Four years later he bought a mill on Salt Creek situated on section 12, Tunbridge Township, and engaged in the manufacture of flour and of lumber. In 1856 he located on the place where he now resided on section 17 and has here one of the coziest of homes, although at that time there was not a tree on the farm and no improvements whatever. He has since brought about a great change, and his homestead of two hundred and fifty acres is well-tilled, well drained, neatly fenced, and supplied with a substantial, well-ordered set of buildings, including a commodious brick house, 32x36 feet in dimensions. He also has a well-improved tract of land comprising one hundred and sixty acres on section 30, on which he has placed buildings, fences and everything needful for carrying on farming to the best advantage. Besides his farms he has four houses and lots in Kenney and from their rental and that of his land derives a goodly income, which enables him to live in retirement from the active cares of business.

Mr. Davenport is a man of earnest religious views and has been a great influence in advancing the moral status of his community. He is one of the leading members of the Christian Church and has done as much or more than any other man to build it up. He went to school in Paris, Ky., for two years of his life and there received the training that fitted him for the duties of a preacher and he has been so engaged much of the time. Politically he is a stanch Democrat and has served the township in a number of local offices. Their many friends will be pleased to notice lithographic portraits of Mr. Davenport and his estimable wife in connection with this biographical notice.

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Prominent among the young farmers who are natives of DeWitt County, and are now important factors in carrying on its extensive agricultural interests, is our subject. He is the son of the late Hugh L. Davenport, who bore a conspicuous part in the pioneer labors that laid the solid foundation of the present prosperity of this region. The son is living on the old homestead on section 15, Harp Township, which was developed from the wild prairies by his father, and here he first saw the light of day January 19, 1853.

Hugh L. Davenport was born in Casey County, Ky., April 20, 1812. His father, William Davenport, was a native of Kentucky and was reared there in early pioneer times when the Indians were more numerous than the whites, when many bears, deer and other wild animals abounded in the forests. He participated in numerous Indian fights and was a great hunter. He served as a volunteer soldier in the War of 1812. He was a farmer by occupation and moved with his family to Sangamon County, Ill., May 4, 1824, where he engaged at his calling until the fall of 1829. In that season he removed from there and settled on the north side of Kickapoo Creek in what was then called Big Grove, near Waynesville, this county. Here he entered land and farmed until his death at a ripe old age. He was a member of the old regular Baptist Church and in politics was a sturdy Democrat.

The father of our subject was in his thirteenth year when the family came to Illinois. At that time Springfield was but a year old and had but eight or ten houses and one store within its limits. He accompanied his parents from Sangamon to DeWitt County in the year 1829, the latter then forming a part of Tazewell County, Pekin being the county seat. This country at that early day was very thinly settled and Springfield and Pekin were the nearest trading points. Springfield, which was his post office, being fifty miles away. Mr. Davenport hauled the first store goods to this part of the county for a man by the name of Jerry Greenman. He teamed them from Pekin on the Illinois River and among other articles was a barrel of good old peach brandy which had many warm friends among the settlers at that time.

In the spring of 1831 Mr. Davenport and Miss Joanna Watt were united in marriage. Mrs. Davenport was born in Kentucky and is the daughter of the Rev. Gabriel and Elizabeth Watt. This wedding was a great event among the pioneers of the county, and its festivities were attended by upwards of one hundred guests who came from many miles around. On the wedding day a band of Indians came into the neighborhood and the gallant bridegroom with a company of guests got on horseback and drove the unwelcome visitors from the vicinity, as they were not allowed to hunt near the farms of the settlers. In the fall of 1832 Mr. Davenport moved to near where Marion now stands, that territory being then in Macon County. He entered one hundred and twenty acres of land and purchased an old log cabin that had a half puncheon floor, the earth forming the rest of the floor. This humble dwelling he moved to his claim. His furniture was of the rudest sort and was constructed by himself from dry goods boxes and rough sticks of timber. During the fall and winter he labored hard at making rails and built a log stable and a smoke house. In the following spring he broke upwards of twenty acres of prairie, and actively continues his pioneer task of developing a farm.

In the summer of 1835 the father of our subject sold that farm and moved across Salt Creek on to the homestead where his son of whom we write now lives. This was then in an isolated place with but few habitations near. The post office was at Decatur and the nearest corn mill, which was operated by horses, was eight miles away. There were no blacksmith shops here then and the horses has to go unshod. The prairies in the winter were frequently covered with ice and in traveling one would often come across sloughs and be compelled to cut up the blanket to tie around the feet of his horse to enable him to cross without falling. Mr. Davenport experienced great inconvenience in traveling long journeys as there were no regular roads and no bridges across the streams, and his name is mentioned in the history of DeWitt County as that of the man who opened the first road from Clinton to Marion, which is now known as the old State road.

Mr. Davenport was a hard-working man, and as he was sagacious and shrewd in the management of his affairs he accumulated a handsome property and at the time of his death owned nearly one thousand acres of good land. He died August 14, 1876, and one of the most venerated and useful pioneers of the county was removed from the scenes where he had been a familiar figure for so many years, but his memory is cherished as one who did much to develop and advance this region. He was quite active in religious matters and was one of the leading members of the Protestant Methodist Church. In politics he was a sturdy advocate of the Democratic party. He was a Justice of the Peace for a great many years and was highly respected.

Fourteen children were born to the parents of our subject of whom thirteen grew to maturity and lived to rear families, namely: William (deceased); John, Abram; Elizabeth, now Mrs. Gesford; Mary, Mrs. Mansfield; Isaiah, Jackson; Lucinda, Mrs. White; Nelson; Elsie, Mrs. Griffith; George W.; Comfort, Mrs. Polen; Goleman and Dovey. The mother of these children passed away in 1867 at a venerable age.

The subject of this biographical review gained his education in the rude log schoolhouses with slab benches that were still in vogue in his boyhood days. He began the battle of life on his own account at the age of twenty-one years, and farmed his father's place on shares until the latter's death. He received for his portion of the estate ninety-seven acres besides an interest in the homestead farm on which he now lives. He farms quite extensively and raises considerable stock, and is accorded a high place among the most intelligent and progressive farmers of his neighborhood, his farm being one of the most productive and best managed in its vicinity.

To the lady who presides over his pleasant home and adds to his comfort and enjoyment in life, our subject was wedded November 8, 1882. To them have come two children whom they have named Floyd and Lelia. Mrs. Davenport was Miss Dora Reed prior to her marriage with our subject, and is a daughter of James and Mary (Hayworth) Reed, natives of Pennsylvania, the former born in 1819 and the latter in 1824.

Our subject and his wife are people whose many pleasant social qualities have attracted to them hosts of friends. They are both active members of the Protestant Methodist Church and lead true Christian lives. Mr. Davenport is a Democrat in politics and is a member if the Farmers' Mutual Benefit Association. He is active and wide-awake in business matters, and has won a good reputation for skill and practicality as a farmer and stockman.

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The agricultural element that has been so largely instrumental in the up-building of DeWitt County has a fine representative in this gentleman who is one of its prominent farmers and stock-growers. He is one of the most influential and progressive of the leading citizens of Wilson Township, where he has a beautiful home and extensive farming interests. Mr. Davis was born in Perry County, Ohio, April 7, 1821, and comes of sterling Revolutionary stock. His father, John Davis, was born in Maryland in 1785, and was a son of William Davis, who was a native of Wales. He came to America when a young man and was a volunteer soldier in the Revolutionary War in which he served from beginning to end. He was in one of the regiments that camped at Valley Forge and endured the many hardships of that terrible winter. He was a trafficker by trade and was thus engaged in Maryland, where he died at the age of sixty years.

John Davis passed his early life in Frederick County, Md. He was a young man when the War of 1812 broke out and he served in it as a volunteer soldier. He took part in the battle of Bladensburg and was present at the burning of Washington by the British. He was married in his native Maryland to Hannah Karshaer, who was born in Pennsylvania n 1790. They migrated to Ohio in 1816 and settled among the pioneers of Perry County, the journey being made over the mountains in a wagon, and they camped out at night. Mr. Davis rented land and engaged in its cultivation. The country was sparsely settled and bears, deer and other wild game were plentiful about their humble pioneer home. The parents of our subject moved into Seneca County, Ohio, in October, 1824, and were one of nine families who located at Bloom Township. At that time there were many Wyandotte, Seneca and Mohawk Indians in that part of the State and there were but few white settlers there. The father purchased one hundred and sixty acres of land, cleared away the timber and by hard work improved a good farm. He died in the home that he had made there July 9, 1849, at the age of sixty-four years. He was a sincere Christian and a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church for thirty years, serving as Steward of the church much of the time. Politically he was an old line Whig. His wife died in Ohio in her fiftieth year. She was a truly good woman and was a Presbyterian in religion. She was of German descent. She was the mother of eight children, seven of whom grew to maturity, and six of whom are still living, namely: William, Jonathan K., Sarah, Mrs. Stinchacomb; Elizabeth, Mrs. Taylor; Thomas W., M.D., Susannah, deceased, and Milton R.

Our subject was three and one-half years old when his parents took up their residence in Senecca County, Ohio, where he grew to man's estate. In his boyhood he attended the old log schoolhouses of that period that were heated by large fire-places, lighted by greased paper windows and furnished with pin legged benches. He was nearly ten years old before there were any schools for him to attend. In the summer time he had to help on the farm and he worked at clearing off the land and in saw-mills. In 1844, when he was twenty-four years old, ambitious to advance his education he attended the Ohio Wesleyan University, where he vigorously pursued an excellent course of study for six months and since then he has further extended his education by reading and observation. He remained at home to assist his father till he was twenty-five years old and then began life on his own account. He leased a sawmill and he also engaged in farming on shares till 1849. He bought eighty acres of land in Indiana in 1847, but subsequently sold it and purchased a half interest in his father's old homestead. Three years later he disposed of that at a good price and invested in one hundred and sixty acres of land which he cultivated until 1857.

In that year our subject came to DeWitt County after having sold his property in Ohio. He made ther trip by team and buggy and settled in Clinton, where he engaged in a general merchandise business. A year later he sold out there and bought eighty acres of land in Wilson Township and took up his abode thereon in a little log house that stood on the place. That humble dwelling constituted the only improvement that had been attempted and his was the pioneer task of evolving a farm from the wilderness with a small capital. He was wonderfully prospered in his undertakings and from time to time bought more land until his present estate comprises three hundred and ninety acres, of which three hundred and sixty lie in a body and are under fine cultivation, the remaining thirty acres being in timber. He has farmed quite extensively and has his place finely improved. He has put several thousand dollars into tile drains and has thereby greatly increased the productiveness and value of his land. He built his present handsome frame residence, which is one of the best in the township, in 1866, at a cost of $2,000. Mr. Davis has made much money by raising stock, mostly cattle, and has a fine herd on his farm.

Our subject was married March 9, 1849, to Mary S. Wilcox. Mrs. Davis was born in Maryland, December 19, 1820. She is a fine woman in every respect and is greatly esteemed by all about her. Of the six children born to her five are now living, namely: Jessie S., Avanda, Merrick, Mary A., and Grant. Their son, John K., died at the age of twenty-three years. Mr. Davis is a man of rare intelligence, of exceptionally good judgment and of sound business qualifications. His fellow-citizens, recognizing the genuine worth of his character and his ability, have often called him to assist in the management of public affairs and he has held nearly all of the township offices. He has been Justice of the Peace for twenty-two years and for two terms he represented Wilson Township as a member of the county Board of Supervisors. He cast his first vote for Henry Clay in 1844, and since the organization of the Republican party has been a stanch supporter of it's principles through good and evil report. Mr. Davis and his wife have been devoted members of the Methodist Episcopal Church for over forty years and have been active in its every good work. He has held the office of Steward for nearly thirty years and has also been Class-leader. Merrick Davis is engaged in the stock business in Texas and is a Director in the First National Bank of Seymour; Avanda resided in Kansas; the other children live in this county.

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The portrait on the opposite page represents a gentleman who is the proprietor of a good farm and a sawmill in Tunbridge Townshp, and who has for many years been a useful agent in advancing the farming and lumbering interests of DeWitt County. He is a native of Kentucky, born November 7, 1819, in what was then Davis County, but in now McLean County.

Philip Davis, the father of Remus, was a native of Maryland, and went from there to Virginia when quite young. He married Margaret Reed, who was born in the Old Dominion, their marriage taking place in Botetourt County. They took up their residence there on a farm, whence they subsequently moved to Davis County, Ky., settling on a rough piece of land and with hard pioneer labor clearing and developing a farm. They finally made another move and coming direct to DeWitt County, located on section 17, Texas Township, and later removed to section 30, which was their last earthly home. They are now lying side by side on section 17, theirs being the only graves on the place. They were the parents of the following children: Thomas, Owen, Andrew C., Remus, Joseph, Polly, Millie, Annie, Rhoda, Betsey, Sallie, William, John, and a child that died in infancy. Of this large family of children only three are now living--our subject, Joseph, and Betsey.

He of whom we write was the eleventh child born to his parents, and he lived in his early Kentucky home until he was seventeen years old, when he came with the family to DeWitt County in 1836. In those times the schools did not offer the advantages to secure a good education such as the youth of to-day enjoy, but our subject was anxious to acquire learning, and mauled rails in order to procure money enough to pay for his tuition in private schools. He remained with his parents until they died and cared for them with filial tenderness. He was a vigorous, stalwart young man, endowed with excellent capabilities for hard and sustained labor, which with a native shrewdness of character assisted him to attain his present prosperity. He was thrifty and carefully saved his earnings, and in due time felt justified in marrying and establishing a home of his own. Accordingly he took unto himself a wife in the person of Miss Elizabeth Jones, to whom he was wedded September 11, 1850. She was born in Tennessee, and was reared in Indiana and Illinois, her parents being among the pioneers of those States. Eight children have been born to our subject and his wife, three daughters and five sons, of whom Mary Belle is the only one now living. She is the wife of Lewis Foster, a resident of Tunbridge Township.

Mr. and Mrs. Davis began their wedded life on section 30, Texas Township, and from there came to section 5, where they now live. This farm was then a tract of wild prairie, and our subject has wrought a wondrous change by his skillful and well-directed labors in developing it. He has it neatly fenced, has erected a substantial house, barn and other needed buildings, and has its sixty-six acres under most excellent tillage. Besides carrying on farming he has for a long time been actively engaged in the manufacture of lumber. He has a steam sawmill on Salt Creek, which he has been operating for twenty-five or thirty years, and has built up a lucrative trade during that time. Among the other improvements that he has placed on his farm we must not omit to mention the fine orchard that adorns the place, and adds to its value.

Our subject has ever been faithful to the duties of citizenship, and is classed among the most desirable citizens of the county. He is a stanch Republican in his political views; his first vote was cast for the Gen. Harrison of fifty years ago, and his last for the Gen. Harrison of to-day, who is the present incumbent of the President's chair. He has been School Director, School Trustee and Pathmaster, and has never failed to forward the interests of his community whenever it lay in his power. He served in the Mexican War as a volunteer, and made a good record as a faithful soldier. Religiously he is a Baptist, but is not connected with any church at present.

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ROBERT B. DAY Page 636

The city of Clinton is the seat of many flourishing business enterprises of various kinds, which are under the control of men of decided worth of character as well as financial ability. The Chicago Coal & Lumber Company which, in April, 1889, succeeded William Bishop, was placed in charge of Robert B. Day in January, 1890. As resident manager he is carrying on successfully the enterprise with the details of which he had become acquainted through several years of faithful service as an employee, and adding to the reputation he had already secured as a man of honor in business relations and faithfulness in the discharge of the work placed in his hands.

The father of our subject was Elias R. Day, who was born in Clermont County, Ohio, and made that his home during his entire life. He died in 1871 in the sixty-third year of his age. He had married Nancy Davis, an English lady of excellent character, to whom her children owe much for her wise counsel and motherly care. She survived her husband ten years. The parental family consisted of three daughters and six sons, five of the number being still alive. The one of whom we write was born at New Richmond, Clermont County, Ohio, August 30, 1848. He attended the schools of his native place, acquiring a good education, and under the guidance of his father and mother learned lessons of usefulness regarding his personal actions and business affairs. After he had attained to his twenty-second year young Day drifted West and stopped in Clinton, Ill. In 1873 he entered the employ of the firm of Kent & Kirker, with whom he remained three years. At the expiration of that time he was employed by William Bishop, the lumber dealer, with whom he remained until the death of his employer, in January, 1889. The business of Mr. Bishop was ere long bought out and the Chicago Coal & Lumber Company numbered among the firms of Clinton. It was found that Mr. Day was thoroughly conversant with the old business and fitted to continue it in the interests of the new firm; he was therefore advanced to the position of resident manager.

Among the young ladies who were born and reared in the same neighborhood as our subject was Miss Anna M. Bainum, who possessed the qualities he sought in a wife. This lady became Mrs. Day in February, 1870, and has been a prime factor in the happiness of our subject, making his home cozy and attractive and aiding him with her sympathy and encouragement in all the affairs of life. She is a daughter of Benjamin and Ellen Bainum, residents of Clermont County, Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. Day have six children--Wilbert, Mary, Olive, Nancy C., Ethel, Clara and Clyde L. The eldest is now assistant book-keeper in his father's office.

Mr. Day is of a social and benevolent nature, as is evidenced by his connection with Olive Lodge, No. 98, I.O.O.F. His father was a stanch Abolitionist and was one of the eight men who cast the first Republican tickets in his precinct. The son adheres to the same principles and belongs to the Republican Party. He and his wife are members of the Presbyterian Church.

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AMOS DICK Page 900

Among the men now living in DeWitt County who have secured a goodly share of worldly effects by tilling the soil, Amos Dick holds a prominent place. He now owns some four hundred and sixty acres of land in Waynesville Township, and has given each of his children a tract of one hundred and thirty-three acres. His residence is in the town of Waynesville upon a one hundred-acre tract which borders on the corporate limits. Here he has a substantial, tasteful dwelling and all the necessary conveniences, and surrounded by friends is passing his time in labor and recreation, mingled in the proportion proper to his years and circumstances.

Peter and Christine (Shut) Dick, the parents of our subject, were natives of North Carolina and Pennsylvania respectively. The father went to Muhlenberg County, Ky., with pack horses when young and there made the acquaintance of and married Miss Shut. In 1829 he journeyed from Simpson County, Ky., to Sangamon County, Ill., with a team and wagon, and made the latter his place of residence two years. He then removed to what is now Cass County, then Morgan County, where he entered one hundred and eighty acres of land upon which he spent the remainder of his life. He paid $100 for the improvements upon the place, thus buying off the former claimant, and later paid the Government price and secured his title. The land was twenty miles from Beardstown and when he settled upon it there were but five families living between him and the village. The paternal grandparents of our subject were John and Elizabeth (Rolland) Dick, and the ancestry is German. The maternal grandparents were Henry and Lizzie (Grove) Shut, who were likewise of German origin. Mr. Shut came to Sangamon County, Ill., in 1830, locating eighteen miles southwest of Springfield. His family and the parents of our subject were of the German Baptist faith.

Our subject opened his eyes to the light in Muhlenberg County, Ky., February 18, 1812. He is the third son in a family which included also John, Henry, Levi, James, Elizabeth, Polly and Sarah. He was reared on a farm and early learned all that pertains to agricultural work and the development of the rural districts. His school days were but few and he is a self-educated man to whom natural ability and personal observation and study have made up for the lack of early instruction. He lived with and took care of his parents until their death. In 1865 he came to DeWitt County, locating on four hundred and twenty-eight acres of land in Waynesville Township, three hundred and sixty of which he still owns.

Mr. Dick has been twice married. His first wife was Jane, daughter of Samuel and Jane Combs, residents of Sangamon County. She was a member of the Baptist Church and was painstaking in her efforts to promote the comfort of her family. She reared the following children: Elizabeth, Ruth, Ann, Thomas, John K. and James A. The eldest is the wife of Raleigh Dragstrem; James is living in Grundy County, Neb. The present wife of our subject was known in her maidenhood as Harriet Scott. She possesses many of the qualities which make the name of woman honored. This union has been blessed by the birth of one child, Emma, now the wife of John Bell.

For three years Mr. Dick has served as Supervisor of Waynesville Township. His fine property is the best evidence that can be given of his industry and persistence in his chosen calling and also testifies to the good judgment he exhibited in investments. He began his labors at twenty-one years of age for $10 per month, wages that would be considered very small by farm hands of the present day. He and his present wife belong to the Christian Church. They are liked and respected by all with whom they come in contact, and Mr. Dick makes many friends by his genial and pleasant manners and the sound sense and good judgment that he displays.

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The habit of bestowing special names upon farms has become quite prevalent in Central Illinois, and in DeWitt County several estates bear appropriate titles. One of these consists of a fine tract of well-watered and fertile land on section 15, Rutledge Township, where a complete line of farm buildings has been erected, and the other improvements made that make the name "Pleasant View," especially appropriate. Here the subject of this biographical notice is carrying on his work as a general farmer and stock-raiser, making a specialty of the Norman horse. He is proprietor of the well-known imported Norman four-year-old "Thoraine," a fine specimen of the breed, and has other beautiful animals whose good qualities are manifested by their appearance. Mr. Dolly has exhibited stock and has carried off his share of the laurels at public exhibitions.

Mr. Dolly was born in Pendleton County, W. Va., June 10, 1836, and remained with his parents until he was of age. His educational opportunities were but limited, yet being an earnest student an a keen observer he has reached a degree of intelligence not always found among those who have had superior school advantages. He came to this State in 1857, when he had passed his majority. In 1863 he became a resident of McLean County, and during the two years prior to his removal to DeWitt County, his home was in Cheney's Grove Township. Thence he came to his present home in January, 1868, and as before noted has placed the one hundred and twenty acres under good cultivation, and supplied it with fine improvements. Mr. Dolly is the youngest son in a family consisting of seven sons and three daughters, all of whom lived to maturity, and all married but one. Six sons and one daughter are still living.

In the township in which he now resides the marriage of Mr. Dolly was celebrated in 1863, his bride being Miss D. Vance. That lady was born in Pendleton County, W. Va., February 7, 1842, and is a daughter of Jesse and Hannah (Conrad) Vance, who were born in the same county as their daughter, and came of German families. Mr. and Mrs. Vance made their home in their native State, and there the wife and mother died when in the prime of life. After his marriage to Barbara Rexroad Mr. Vance removed to Illinois and died here when quite advanced in years. He was a member of the Lutheran Church, as is his widow, and his first wife was of the same faith. Mrs. Dolly was thirteen years old when she came to this State, where she has since lived, being now well known to many of the residents in DeWitt County.

The family of Mr. and Mrs. Dolly consists of nine sons and daughters; one son is deceased, Wilbur. The living are Frank, Mary, Belle, George, Stafford, Maude, Grace and Ralph, all living at home except Belle, who is the wife of J. W. Turner, and occupies a farm in the same township as her parents; Frank and Mary are teachers in the public schools.

The paternal grandfather of our subject was John Dolly, Sr., who was born in Germany, and was descended from natives of the Empire. When a young man he became a soldier and in the employ of the British Crown came to America, fighting during the Revolution under Gen. Cornwallis, and with his comrades laying down his arms at Yorktown. Following the advice given by Gen. Washington to the soldiers who capitulated, he remained in the Colonies, and taking up his residence in what is now Pendleton County, Va., pursued and honorable career as a farmer. He was a prominent member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He lived to the advanced age of ninety-eight years and six months, and his wife, an American lady whose maiden name was Mary Shoulders, attained to nearly as great an age. The family of this good couple consisted of eight children, most of whom lived to a good old age, one being still alive. This is Mrs. Eve Day, whose home is in Goldsmith, Ind., and who is now eighty-six years old.

In the family above mentioned was a son John Dolly, Jr., who was born and reared in Virginia, and early in life became a farmer. He married a lady, who, like himself was of German ancestry, and born in Virginia. Her mother had come to this country from Germany when quite young, and both parents reached a goodly age, dying in the Old Dominion. They were members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and bestowed careful instruction upon their children, of who our subject is one. John Dolly, Jr., and his wife spent their wedded life on a farm in their native county. Mrs. Dolly died when seventy-five years old, and Mr. Dolly reached the age of eighty-two years. They were pious and devoted, taking an active part in the work of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Dolly was a Democrat in politics.

George W. Dolly has departed somewhat from the political faith held by his father, and instilled into his mind in his youth, and always voted a Republican ticket. He has had his share of the honor from local offices, having served as Township Treasurer, Tax Collector, Assessor, etc. He and his wife attend the Presbyterian Church, and have an enviable position in society. Mr. Dolly has a fine bearing, and his manners are in keeping with his intelligence and good principles.

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Hiram Doner came to DeWitt County more than thirty years ago a comparatively poor man but such has been his success in farming and stock-raising in Rutledge Township where he developed a fine large farm that is still in his possession. He now has an assured income and is enabled to live in retirement in the enjoyment of a pleasant, comfortable home in Farmer City. Mr. Doner was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, March 1, 1831. His father, David Doner, was a native of Center County, Pa., where he was born March 24, 1806. He was a son of Christian Doner, also of Pennsylvania birth who came of Dutch ancestry and was a farmer by occupation. He married a Pennsylvania lady who came of similar stock as himself. After the birth of their children, Christian Doner and wife moved to Ohio in 1816 and were among the early settlers of what is now Fairfield County and there they passed their remaining years, he dying when about seventy years of age and she at the age of seventy-five. They were good, honest, upright people and were members of the Lutheran Church.

David Doner was the youngest but one of a large family of children, of whom his sister, Mrs. John Wantling of Springfield, who is eighty-nine years of age, is the sole survivor. David was ten yeas old when his parents removed to Ohio, and there he was reared amid pioneer scenes to a stalwart manhood. He was married in Fairfield County to Miss Amelia Muninger, who was born in March, 1809. They lived to a ripe age, her death occurring in Fairfield County, in December 1874, at the age of sixty-five years, and his in December, 1878. They were both members of the Lutheran Church and were strong in the faith. The father was a successful farmer and helped to develop the agriculture of his township. The mother was a daughter of Henry and Elizabeth (Freet) Muninger, natives of Maryland and of German descent. Her father was a blacksmith and farmer, and after the birth of all the children he and his wife removed later in life to Fairfield County, Ohio, where he followed farming and blacksmithing and there both died, he at the age of seventy-five years and she at the age of sixty-five. They were Lutherans in religion.

Our subject was the eldest of a family of six sons and one daughter, all of whom were born in Fairfield County, Ohio, and all of whom were reared to maturity, married and had families. Two of these sons are now deceased. Mr. Donor attained his majority in the county of his nativity and there resided until his marriage to Miss Sarah j. Sidner, a native of Fairfield County. Mrs. Doner was born December 12, 1831, to Nicholas and Sara (Winders) Sidner, natives of Washington County, Md. Her parents were reared in the county of their birth but were married in Fairfield County, Ohio, and there began life as pioneers on land secured directly from the Government, making their home there until death called them hence. Mr. Sidner, who was a German descent, died at the age of seventy-five years. His wife, who came of Scotch ancestry, departed this life when seventy-two years old. They were active members of the Lutheran Church. Mrs. Doner is one of a large family of children and she was reared and educated in her native county. She is an active, capable lady of great personal worth and has been a true helper to her husband. She is the mother of three children one of whom died in infancy, and the others are named Flora B. and Dora. The former is now the wife of T. M. Van Deventy, a farmer of Wilson Township, this county. Dora is the wife of Frank Miller, a farmer in Rutledge Township, this county.

Our subject has made his money by his own efforts as a hard-working, practical farmer and stock-raiser. He has been a resident of this State many years, and purchased his first tract of land comprising one hundred and thirty acres on 1856, said land lying in Rutledge Township, this county, and there he began farming with but little means. He subsequently bought a farm in the same township, which is still in his possession and consists of about four hundred acres, all under substantial improvement and excellent cultivation besides ten acres of timber.

Mr. Doner is in every respect a good citizen and is fully trusted by his fellow-men because he has always carried himself as an upright, God fearing man, conducting himself towards others so as to secure their good will and respect. He and his wife are people of true Christian character, and are earnestly interested in the work of the Methodist Protestant Church of which they are members. Mr. Doner has materially contributed to the growth of DeWitt County, and since taking up his residence here has taken an interest in its welfare. He is one of the Republicans of Farmer City and gives his party his faithful allegiance.

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Jonathan C. Donner is a general farmer and to some extent a stock-raiser living on section 11, DeWitt Township, who has been associated with the agriculturists of DeWitt County many years, and is well-known and honored by the entire community. He is a son of one of the early pioneer families of this section of Illinois and is himself classed among the pioneers. He was born near Springfield in this State, January 15, 1826. His father, Tobias Donner, was a native of North Carolina and was a son of George Donner, who was also born in that State, and was of German parentage.

George Donner grew to a vigorous manhood in the State of his nativity, and served as a private throughout the Revolutionary War. Upon his return to his old home he carried with him a three pound cannon ball such as was used in those times and it is now preserved by our subject as a precious family relic. After the war the grandfather Donner was married to a North Carolina lady, who was born of German parentage, and after the birth of all their children they removed from North Carolina to Indiana with ox-teams and carts and there sojourned some time. While in that State their son Tobias, the father of our subject, was married to Miss Nancy King who is thought to have been a native of Kentucky and to have been reared in Indiana.

Early in the '20s the Donner family came to Illinois and were among the early settlers of Sangamon County, locating not far from Springfield. In 1831 they came from there to DeWitt County and were among its first settlers. Here they began life on Government lands, but after a few years George Donner and his wife retuned to Sangamon County, and there made their home until their death at an advanced age. They were prominent and well-known people and the name of Donner is linked with the early history of this State. The elder Donners were people of means and they were of the old Orthodox Quaker faith, Mr. Donner being a preacher in that church. He and his wife were known everywhere and were greatly beloved by all with whom they associated.

After coming to DeWitt Township, Tobias Donner secured a tract of land and developed it into a farm which remained his home until 1846, when he removed with his family to Menard County. He there spent his last days, dying in June 1856 at the age of fifty-eight years. His wife died in 1860 aged some sixty-one years. They were most excellent people who were true Christians and walked in the path of righteousness. Mr. Donner was a member of the Protestant Methodist Church, while his wife belonged to the Methodist Episcopal Church.

Our subject was very young when he came with his parents to this township and county and here he has since made his home and has noted carefully the many wonderful changes that have taken place in this region since his boyhood. He has had a hand in bringing about this great transformation from a wilderness to a finely developed farming country. He has a good farm which comprises one hundred and six acres of very fertile land, which is exceedingly well cultivated and improved. When he came here the surrounding country was wild and sparsely settled, and many wild animals, especially deer and wolves, roamed where now we see fine farms and thriving towns. Indians were also plentiful, as this section was one of their favorite hunting grounds. Their town was not far away from his home, and it was common to see the savages in large numbers during his first years here. Our subject, though then quite young has a keen remembrance of those days, and has a large store of pioneer incidents and lore, and talks very interestingly concerning the manner of living of the early settlers. In those days Chicago was their market for grain and on their return the pioneers often brought back a load of salt, the entire trip, to and from the city, requiring from twelve to fourteen days' travel. Our subject remembers especially about his father's deer hunts, the latter thinking little of killing three or four deer with his trusty rifle after a hard day's work. The homes of the pioneers were located in the edge of the timber and along the streams, as in those days the open prairies were considered unfit for settlement.

Mr. Donner was married in this township and county to Miss Louisa Porter, who was born in Hamilton County, Ill., July 29, 1833. She is the eldest child of her father, James M. Porter, of whom see biography on another page of this work. Mrs. Donner was young when she came with her parents to this county, and she was reared to womanhood in DeWitt Township and educated in its schools. She is a lady of kind disposition, always genial and pleasant, and is very much liked by her friends and acquaintances. Her marriage with our subject has been productive to them of two children of whom one is deceased--Rebecca, who died at the age of four years. Their daughter Elizabeth is the wife of Simon A. Berry. They live on a farm in this township and have two children--Alva A. and Pearl A. Mr. and Mrs. Donner are people of true religious convictions, and he is connected with the united Brethren Church as one of its leading members, while she is an active member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. Donner is a true Republican in his politics. His fellow-citizens hold him in great respect and have frequently solicited him to take some local office, but he has steadily refused all civic honors.

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James E. Downing was at one time an important factor in advancing the agricultural interests of DeWitt County where he was for many years engaged in farming and his untimely death, January 31, 1883, ere old age had come upon him, removed one of the best and most highly respected citizens of this community from the scenes of his usefulness. He was closely associated with the rise and growth of Wapella Township where he had a large and well-equipped farm and a home that was unsurpassed in comfort by any in its immediate neighborhood. The many friends of Mr. Downing, who highly esteemed him in life and mourned him in death, will be pleased to notice the portrait on the opposite page.

Mr. Downing was a Kentuckian by birth, born May 22, 1823, near Washington, in Mason County. Reason Downing was the name of his father and he was also a native of Kentucky, coming of one of the early frontier families of that State. He seems to have passed his entire life in the State of his nativity where he was engaged in farming until his death between fifty and sixty years of age. His widow survived him many years and when she departed this life had attained the venerable age of ninety-two years.

In his early Kentucky home our subject grew to a stalwart manhood and continued to live there until he came to this State in 1852. He brought his family with him by steamboat but sent his household goods by wagon. The first winter after his arrival he lived at Bloomington and rented land north of that city for one year. After that he purchased the place owned by his family buying then eighty acres of it. He worked energetically to put it under cultivation and in time had one of the best improved homesteads in this locality. He and his wife and children first lived in a log house which he afterward replaced by a commodious dwelling. From time to time he purchased more land and at the time of his death was the proprietor of an estate of four hundred and thirty-five acres of highly cultivated land that was very valuable for farming purposes.

Mr. Downing was twice married and by his first marriage had seven children, of whom five grew to maturity--Elnora, Reason, Joseph, James and Charles. Mr. Downing's second marriage, which took place October 21, 1869, was to Elizabeth Best, who survives him. Mrs. Downing was born near Washington, Mason County, Ky., March 8, 1835, and is a daughter of Joseph and Rebecca (Slack) Best, natives of Kentucky, where the father carried on farming. He lived to be upwards of seventy years of age, while his wife died at the age of fifty-six years. Mrs. Downing is a lady of irreproachable character, whose personal qualities have gained her a high place in the estimation of neighbors and friends. She is a sincere Christian and formerly belonged to the Methodist Episcopal Church, but is not connected with any denomination in this place. Her marriage with Mr. Downing was blessed to them by the birth of three children, of whom Elizabeth R. and Best are living, Laura being the name of the daughter that died.

Mr. Downing was an untiring worker and his toil was directed by shrewd judgment, close calculation and a resolute will that overcame all obstacles in the pathway to success. In his political views he sided with the Democrats. He was always interested in whatever concerned the welfare of his adopted township and in the various offices of trust of which he was at different times an incumbent, he did all in his power to promote its prosperity while his work as a practical farmer did much to advance its growth.

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ALBERT M. DREW, M.D. Page 723

The professions are worthily represented in DeWitt County, not only by the numbers, but by the natural talents and acquired skill and knowledge of those who are engaged in them. The flourishing towns and villages are the centers from which the influence of the culture and practical ability of doctors, lawyers and ministers radiates over the country, and reaches out hands of healing to body, mind and soul. In the town of Weldon is located the office of Dr. Drew, to whom many look for aid when they are ill and for comfort when their friends are suffering.

Newit Drew, father of our subject, was born in Alabama and attained to man's estate in Tennessee. Having come to St. Clair County, this State, he married Elizabeth Wilderman, who was born and reared there. A home was established on a farm in that county, not far from Belleville, but the worthy couple are now living in Barton County, Mo. They have three daughters and two sons: Anderson L., Albert M., Mary E., Martha J., and Amanda C. The elder son is a graduate of the University of Ann Arbor, Mich., and is engaged in the practice of law in Springfield, Mo.

The second son, our subject, was born on the parental acres in St. Clair County, February 9, 1849, and obtained his fundamental education in the district schools. He read medicine in the office of Byant & Beverly in DeWitt two years, then entered the Miami Medical College in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he studied assiduously during two winter terms of six months each. During the season of 1872-73 he took and extra clinical course in the branches of surgery, practical medicine, obstetrics, gynecology, ophthalmology and pathology, receiving a certificate testifying to his knowledge of these departments of medical science.

After receiving his diploma in March, 1873, Dr. Drew located in Weldon and began to build up the practice by which he is extending his reputation, having a greater and greater number of calls each year as the members of the community become better acquainted with him and more confident of his knowledge and skill. He belongs to the American Medical Association, the Illinois State Medical Society, the Central Illinois Medical Society of which he is ex-President. He is local surgeon for the Illinois Central Railroad at Weldon and as a matter of course belongs to the Alumni Society of Miami College. The year of his graduation Dr. Drew was married, the ceremony taking place September 25, 1873, and the bride being Nancy J. Bosserman. She was born in Columbus, Ohio, but reared in DeWitt County, Ill., to which her parents, John and Jane Bosserman, came a number of years ago. As would naturally be supposed she has a cultured mind, a sympathizing heart, and she adds thereto the housewifely knowledge which is necessary for all who would make their homes attractive and comfortable. The children born to Dr. and Mrs. Drew are four in number respectively: Lillian, Jenney C., Gertrude and John A. The parents mourn the loss of Gertrude, who died at the age of four years, six months and twelve days.

Dr. Drew is a Mason, was Master of the lodge in Weldon three years, and belongs to Goodbrake Chapter, R.A.M., and to the Council in Clinton. He and his wife also belong to the Order of the Eastern Star. He has filled the office of School Director very acceptably, but his fine practice gives him so much to do both in its actual labors and in the continual study which he keeps up that he does not care to hold public office. In politics he is a Republican and in religious belief a Baptist.